matplotlib.pyplot.imshow() in Python

Matplotlib is a library in Python and it is numerical – mathematical extension for NumPy library. Pyplot is a state-based interface to a Matplotlib module which provides a MATLAB-like interface.

matplotlib.pyplot.imshow() Function:

The imshow() function in pyplot module of matplotlib library is used to display data as an image; i.e. on a 2D regular raster.

Syntax: matplotlib.pyplot.imshow(X, cmap=None, norm=None, aspect=None, interpolation=None, alpha=None, vmin=None, vmax=None, origin=None, extent=None, shape=, filternorm=1, filterrad=4.0, imlim=, resample=None, url=None, \*, data=None, \*\*kwargs)

Parameters: This method accept the following parameters that are described below:

  • X: This parameter is the data of the image.
  • cmap : This parameter is a colormap instance or registered colormap name.
  • norm : This parameter is the Normalize instance scales the data values to the canonical colormap range [0, 1] for mapping to colors
  • vmin, vmax : These parameter are optional in nature and they are colorbar range.
  • alpha : This parameter is a intensity of the color.
  • aspect : This parameter is used to controls the aspect ratio of the axes.
  • interpolation : This parameter is the interpolation method which used to display an image.
  • origin : This parameter is used to place the [0, 0] index of the array in the upper left or lower left corner of the axes.
  • resample : This parameter is the method which is used for resembling.
  • extent : This parameter is the bounding box in data coordinates.
  • filternorm : This parameter is used for the antigrain image resize filter.
  • filterrad : This parameter is the filter radius for filters that have a radius parameter.
  • url : This parameter sets the url of the created AxesImage.

Returns: This returns the following:



  • image : This returns the AxesImage

Below examples illustrate the matplotlib.pyplot.imshow() function in matplotlib.pyplot:

Example #1:

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# Implementation of matplotlib function
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from matplotlib.colors import LogNorm
      
dx, dy = 0.015, 0.05
y, x = np.mgrid[slice(-4, 4 + dy, dy),
                slice(-4, 4 + dx, dx)]
z = (1 - x / 3. + x ** 5 + y ** 5) * np.exp(-x ** 2 - y ** 2)
z = z[:-1, :-1]
z_min, z_max = -np.abs(z).max(), np.abs(z).max()
  
c = plt.imshow(z, cmap ='Greens', vmin = z_min, vmax = z_max,
                 extent =[x.min(), x.max(), y.min(), y.max()],
                    interpolation ='nearest', origin ='lower')
plt.colorbar(c)
  
plt.title('matplotlib.pyplot.imshow() function Example'
                                     fontweight ="bold")
plt.show()

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Output:

Example #2:

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# Implementation of matplotlib function
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from matplotlib.colors import LogNorm
      
dx, dy = 0.015, 0.05
x = np.arange(-4.0, 4.0, dx)
y = np.arange(-4.0, 4.0, dy)
X, Y = np.meshgrid(x, y)
   
extent = np.min(x), np.max(x), np.min(y), np.max(y)
   
Z1 = np.add.outer(range(8), range(8)) % 2
plt.imshow(Z1, cmap ="binary_r", interpolation ='nearest',
                               extent = extent, alpha = 1)
   
def geeks(x, y):
    return (1 - x / 2 + x**5 + y**6) * np.exp(-(x**2 + y**2))
   
Z2 = geeks(X, Y)
   
plt.imshow(Z2, cmap ="Greens", alpha = 0.7
           interpolation ='bilinear', extent = extent)
  
plt.title('matplotlib.pyplot.imshow() function Example'
                                     fontweight ="bold")
plt.show()

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Output:




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