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Matplotlib.pyplot.hlines() in Python

  • Last Updated : 19 Apr, 2020

Matplotlib is an amazing visualization library in Python for 2D plots of arrays. Matplotlib is a multi-platform data visualization library built on NumPy arrays and designed to work with the broader SciPy stack.

Matplotlib.pyplot.hlines()

The Matplotlib.pyplot.hlines() is used to draw horizontal lines in a graph at each y from xmin to xmax.

Syntax: matplotlib.pyplot.hlines(y, xmin, xmax, colors=’k’, linestyles=’solid’, label=”, *, data=None, **kwargs

Parameters:
The Matplotlib.pyplot.hlines() accepts the below-described parameters:

  • y : It is a required parameter for this method. This parameter describes that in the graph the line is to be drawn. Its value is a scalar or sequence of scalars, in other words, it is the y-indexes where the line is to be plotted.
  • xmin: It is a required parameter that has either a scalar value or a 1D array-like value that sets the beginning of each line. If scalars are provided all the lines will have the same length.
  • colors: As the name suggests it is used to set the color of the line to be plotted. This parameter is optional in nature and its default value is ‘k’
  • linestyles: It is also an optional parameter that accepts four values namely ‘solid’, ‘dashed’, ‘dashdot’ and ‘dotted’. It is responsible for setting the style of the line to be plotted.
  • label: It is an optional parameter used to describe information about the plotted line in the same line. This accepts a string whose default value is an empty string.
  • **kwargs: This parameter is used to make use of LineCollection properties in the plotted line.

Note: In addition to the above-mentioned parameters, this method can take a data keyword argument. It is also important to note that the object passed as data must support item access and membership test.

Example 1:




from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
  
plt.hlines(y = 1, xmin = 1, xmax = 4)
  
plt.hlines(y = 1.6, xmin = 1.5, xmax = 4.5)
  
plt.hlines(y = 2, xmin = 2, xmax = 5)

Output :
Matplotlib.pyplot.hlines()

Example 2:




from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
  
plt.hlines(y = 1, xmin = 1, xmax = 4, label ="black line")
  
plt.hlines(y = 1.6, xmin = 1.5, xmax = 4.5, color ='r')
plt.text(1, 1.6, 'Red line', ha ='left', va ='center')
  
plt.hlines(y = 2, xmin = 2, xmax = 5)

Output :
Matplotlib.pyplot.hlines()


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