# MATLAB – Ideal Lowpass Filter in Image Processing

In the field of Image Processing, Ideal Lowpass Filter (ILPF) is used for image smoothing in the frequency domain. It removes high-frequency noise from a digital image and preserves low-frequency components.

It can be specified by the function- Where, is a positive constant. ILPF passes all the frequencies within a circle of radius from the origin without attenuation and cuts off all the frequencies outside the circle.

This is the transition point between H(u, v) = 1 and H(u, v) = 0, so this is termed as cutoff frequency. is the Euclidean Distance from any point (u, v) to the origin of the frequency plane, i.e,  Approach:

Step 1: Input – Read an image
Step 2: Saving the size of the input image in pixels
Step 3: Get the Fourier Transform of the input_image
Step 4: Assign the Cut-off Frequency Step 5: Designing filter: Ideal Low Pass Filter
Step 6: Convolution between the Fourier Transformed input image and the filtering mask
Step 7: Take Inverse Fourier Transform of the convoluted image
Step 8: Display the resultant image as output

Implementation in MATLAB:

 % MATLAB Code | Ideal Low Pass Filter     % Reading input image : input_image   input_image = imread('[name of input image file].[file format]');     % Saving the size of the input_image in pixels-  % M : no of rows (height of the image)  % N : no of columns (width of the image)  [M, N] = size(input_image);     % Getting Fourier Transform of the input_image  % using MATLAB library function fft2 (2D fast fourier transform)    FT_img = fft2(double(input_image));     % Assign Cut-off Frequency    D0 = 30; % one can change this value accordingly     % Designing filter  u = 0:(M-1);  idx = find(u>M/2);  u(idx) = u(idx)-M;  v = 0:(N-1);  idy = find(v>N/2);  v(idy) = v(idy)-N;     % MATLAB library function meshgrid(v, u) returns  % 2D grid which contains the coordinates of vectors  % v and u. Matrix V with each row is a copy   % of v, and matrix U with each column is a copy of u  [V, U] = meshgrid(v, u);     % Calculating Euclidean Distance  D = sqrt(U.^2+V.^2);     % Comparing with the cut-off frequency and   % determining the filtering mask  H = double(D <= D0);     % Convolution between the Fourier Transformed  % image and the mask  G = H.*FT_img;     % Getting the resultant image by Inverse Fourier Transform  % of the convoluted image using MATLAB library function   % ifft2 (2D inverse fast fourier transform)    output_image = real(ifft2(double(G)));     % Displaying Input Image and Output Image  subplot(2, 1, 1), imshow(input_image),  subplot(2, 1, 2), imshow(output_image, [ ]);

Input Image – Output: My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up Check out this Author's contributed articles.

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