Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article

MATLAB Annotation

  • Last Updated : 28 Apr, 2021
Geek Week

Annotations in MATLAB is a way of adding explanation or notes to the plots. Annotations add more information to the plots. There are different syntax formations for adding annotations to a plot:

  • annotation(lineType,x,y)
  • annotation(lineType)
  • annotation(shapeType,dim)
  • annotation(shapeType)
  • annotation(___,Name,Value)

Let’s discuss all the above functions in detail:

annotation(lineType,x,y)

  • Creates a line or arrow annotation between two points in the current figure.
  • lineType takes different values as ‘line’, ‘arrow’, ‘doublearrow’, or ‘textarrow’.
  • x and y are two-element vectors of the form [x_begin x_end] and [y_begin y_end], respectively.
  • Annotation has starting point as (x_begin,y_begin) and ending point as (x_end,y_end).

Example :

  • Draw a plot y = x using plot(1:10).
  • Specify x and y values i.e starting point as (0.4, 0.8) and ending point as (0.6. 0.6).
  • Specify lineType as ‘arrow’ with x and y as two-element vectors.

Matlab




% Plots y = x line from 1 to 10
plot(1:10)
  
x = [0.4 0.6];
y = [0.8 0.6];
  
% annotation with lineType 'arrow'
annotation('arrow',x,y)

Output :



annotation(lineType)

  • Creates an annotation of specified “lineType” with default position starting from (0.3, 0.3) and ending at (0.4, 0.4).

Example :

  • Draw a plot y = -x.
  • Specify lineType as ‘arrow’.

Matlab




% Plot y = -x from 1 to 10
x = [1:10]
y = -x
plot(x,y)
  
% annotation of lineType 'arrow'
% at default positions
annotation('arrow')

Output :

annotation(shapeType,dim)

  • Creates an annotation in the shape of a rectangle or eclipse with given dim to the plot.
  • ShapeType takes values as ‘rectangle’, ‘ellipse’, or ‘textbox‘.
  • dim is a vector of size 4 as [x y w h], where (x, y) is the lower-left endpoint of rectangle and w, h are width and height of rectangle respectively.

Example :

  • Plot the graph y=x^2 from 0 to 10.
  • Specify dim as the lower-left endpoint (0.2, 0.3) with width and height as 0.3 and 0.3 respectively.
  • Specify annotation of shape textbox by including a string in the textbox.

Matlab




% Plot y = x^2 from 0 to 10
x = [0:10]
y = x.*x
plot(x,y)
  
% Dimensions of textbox
dim = [0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3]
str = 'Parabola y = x^2';
  
% Annotation of shapeType 'textbox'
% at "dim" with "str"
% content inside the textbox
annotation('textbox',dim,'String',str);

Output :



annotation(shapeType)

  • Creates the annotation with the mentioned shape in the default position so that the lower-left endpoint is at (0.3, 0.3) and the width and height are both 0.1.

Example :

  • Plot the graph y = x^2.
  • Create an annotation of shapeType = ‘rectangle’ with default positions of the rectangle.

Matlab




% Plot y = ^2 from 0 to 10
x = [0:10]
y = x.*x
plot(x,y)
  
% Annotation with shapeType='rectangle'
% with default positions 
% of rectangle
annotation('rectangle');

Output :

annotation(___,Name,Value)

  • Creates an annotation by specifying properties as Name-Value pair arguments.
  • Some of the properties are like String, color, FaceColor, FaceAlpha etc.

Example :

  • Plot the graph y = x^3-12x.
  • Specified the eclipse annotation with color as ‘red’ and interior color as ‘green’ and FaceAlpha = 0.3. specifies FaceColor is slightly transparent.

Matlab




% Plot y = x^3 - 12x from -5 to +5
x = linspace(-5,5);
y = x.^3 - 12*x;
plot(x,y)
  
% Dimensions of eclipse
dim = [.3 .50 .25 .15];
  
% eclipse takes dimensions as it'll
% fit into specified
% rectangle dimension
% Anootation with color , FaceColoe and
% FaceALpha of eclipse
annotation('ellipse',dim,'color','red','FaceColor',
'green','FaceAlpha',.3)

Output :




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :