Skip to content
Related Articles
Open in App
Not now

Related Articles

Mapping CSV to JavaBeans Using OpenCSV

Improve Article
Save Article
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 05 Jan, 2023
Improve Article
Save Article

OpenCSV provides classes to map CSV file to a list of Java-beans. CsvToBean class is used to map CSV data to JavaBeans. The CSV data can be parsed to a bean, but what is required to be done is to define the mapping strategy and pass the strategy to CsvToBean to parse the data into a bean. HeaderColumnNameTranslateMappingStrategy is the mapping strategy which maps the column id to the java bean property.

  1. First add OpenCSV to the project.
    • For maven project, include the OpenCSV maven dependency in pom.xml file. 

xml




<dependency>
    <groupId>com.opencsv</groupId>
    <artifactId>opencsv</artifactId>
    <version>4.1</version>
</dependency>

  • For Gradle Project, include the OpenCSV dependency.
compile group: 'com.opencsv', name: 'opencsv', version: '4.1'
  • You can Download OpenCSV Jar and include in your project class path.
  1. Mapping CSV to JavaBeans Mapping a CSV to JavaBeans is simple and easy process. Just follow these couple of steps:
    1. Create a Hashmap with mapping between the column id and bean property.
Map mapping = new HashMap();
        mapping.put("column  id ", "javaBeanProperty");
  1. Then add all the column id of csv file with their corresponding javabean property.
  2. Create HeaderColumnNameTranslateMappingStrategy object pass mapping hashmap to setColumnMapping method.
HeaderColumnNameTranslateMappingStrategy strategy =
 new HeaderColumnNameTranslateMappingStrategy();
        strategy.setType(JavaBeanObject.class);
        strategy.setColumnMapping(mapping);
  1. Create the object of CSVReader and CsvToBean class
String csvFilename = "data.csv";
CSVReader csvReader = new CSVReader(new FileReader(csvFilename));
CsvToBean csv = new CsvToBean();
  1. Call parse method of CsvToBean class and pass HeaderColumnNameTranslateMappingStrategy and CSVReader objects.
List list = csv.parse(strategy, csvReader);

Example: Let’ s convert csv file containing Student data to Student objects having attribute Name, RollNo, Department, Result, Pointer.

StudentData.csv:

name, rollno, department, result, cgpa
amar, 42, cse, pass, 8.6
rohini, 21, ece, fail, 3.2
aman, 23, cse, pass, 8.9
rahul, 45, ee, fail, 4.6
pratik, 65, cse, pass, 7.2
raunak, 23, me, pass, 9.1
suvam, 68, me, pass, 8.2

First create a Student Class with Attributes Name, RollNo, Department, Result, Pointer. Then Create a main class which map csv data to JavaBeans object. Programs:

  1. Student.java 

Java




public class Student {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
 
    public String Name, RollNo, Department, Result, Pointer;
 
    public String getName()
    {
        return Name;
    }
 
    public void setName(String name)
    {
        Name = name;
    }
 
    public String getRollNo()
    {
        return RollNo;
    }
 
    public void setRollNo(String rollNo)
    {
        RollNo = rollNo;
    }
 
    public String getDepartment()
    {
        return Department;
    }
 
    public void setDepartment(String department)
    {
        Department = department;
    }
 
    public String getResult()
    {
        return Result;
    }
 
    public void setResult(String result)
    {
        Result = result;
    }
 
    public String getPointer()
    {
        return Pointer;
    }
 
    public void setPointer(String pointer)
    {
        Pointer = pointer;
    }
 
    @Override
    public String toString()
    {
        return "Student [Name=" + Name + ", RollNo=" + RollNo + ",
            Department
            = " + Department + ",
            Result = " + Result
                     + ", Pointer=" + Pointer + "]";
    }
}

  1. csvtobean.java 

Java




import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
 
import com.opencsv.CSVReader;
import com.opencsv.bean.CsvToBean;
import com.opencsv.bean.HeaderColumnNameTranslateMappingStrategy;
 
public class csvtobean {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Hashmap to map CSV data to
        // Bean attributes.
        Map<String, String> mapping = new
                      HashMap<String, String>();
        mapping.put("name", "Name");
        mapping.put("rollno", "RollNo");
        mapping.put("department", "Department");
        mapping.put("result", "Result");
        mapping.put("cgpa", "Pointer");
 
        // HeaderColumnNameTranslateMappingStrategy
        // for Student class
        HeaderColumnNameTranslateMappingStrategy<Student> strategy =
             new HeaderColumnNameTranslateMappingStrategy<Student>();
        strategy.setType(Student.class);
        strategy.setColumnMapping(mapping);
 
        // Create csvtobean and csvreader object
        CSVReader csvReader = null;
        try {
            csvReader = new CSVReader(new FileReader
            ("D:\\EclipseWorkSpace\\CSVOperations\\StudentData.csv"));
        }
        catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
 
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        CsvToBean csvToBean = new CsvToBean();
 
        // call the parse method of CsvToBean
        // pass strategy, csvReader to parse method
        List<Student> list = csvToBean.parse(strategy, csvReader);
 
        // print details of Bean object
        for (Student e : list) {
            System.out.println(e);
        }
    }
}

Output:

Student [Name=amar, RollNo=42, Department=cse, Result=pass, Pointer=8.6]
Student [Name=rohini, RollNo=21, Department=ece, Result=fail, Pointer=3.2]
Student [Name=aman, RollNo=23, Department=cse, Result=pass, Pointer=8.9]
Student [Name=rahul, RollNo=45, Department=ee, Result=fail, Pointer=4.6]
Student [Name=pratik, RollNo=65, Department=cse, Result=pass, Pointer=7.2]
Student [Name=raunak, RollNo=23, Department=me, Result=pass, Pointer=9.1]
Student [Name=suvam, RollNo=68, Department=me, Result=pass, Pointer=8.2]

Reference: OpenCSV Documentation, CsvTOBean Documentation, MappingStrategy


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Related Articles

Start Your Coding Journey Now!