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Map of Tuples in C++ with Examples

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 19 Dec, 2021

What is a tuple?

A tuple in C++ is an object that has the ability to group a number of elements. The elements can be of the same type as well as different data types. The order in which tuple elements are initialized can be accessed in the same order.

Functions associated with a tuple:

1. make_tuple(): It is used to assign tuples with values. The values passed should be in order with the values declared in the tuple.
2. get(): It is used to access the tuple values and modify them, it accepts the index and tuple name as arguments to access a particular tuple element.

What is map?

Maps in C++ are associative containers that can store elements in a mapped fashion. Each element of a map has a key and the corresponding mapped value. No two mapped values can have the same key values. A map follows the below syntax,

Functions associated with Map:

  • begin(): Returns an iterator to the first element in the map
  • end(): Returns an iterator to the hypothetical element that follows the last element in the map
  • size(): Returns the number of elements in the map
  • max_size(): Returns the maximum number of elements that the map can hold
  • empty(): Returns whether the map is empty
  • clear(): Removes all the elements from the map

Map of Tuples

A map of tuples is a map in which either of the key or values is a tuple.

Syntax:

map<tuple<dataType1, dataType2, dataType3>, dataType>;

Here, 

dataType1, dataType2, dataType3 are the data types for the tuple which is a key here

dataType is the data type for value  

This article focuses on how to create a map of tuples in C++. Although one can make a tuple of more or fewer elements also but for simplicity, In this article, we have used tuples having only three elements.

Example 1: Below is the C++ program to demonstrate the working of a map of tuples.

C++




// CPP program to demonstrate 
// the working of a map of 
// tuples.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// Function to print map elements
void print(map<tuple<int, int
           int>, int> &mapOfTuple)
{
  cout << "   Key(Tuple)            " << 
          "Value(Sum)\n\n";
  for (auto pr : mapOfTuple)
  
    // pr points to current pair of mapOfTuple
    cout << "[" << get<0>(pr.first) << ", " << 
            get<1>(pr.first) << ", " << 
            get<2>(pr.first) << "]            " << 
            pr.second << "\n";
  
  
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
  // Sending the hash function
  // as a third argument
  map<tuple<int, int, int>, 
            int> mapOfTuple;
  
  // Creating some tuples to be used 
  // as keys
  tuple<int, int
        int> tuple1(100, 200, 300);
  tuple<int, int
        int> tuple2(400, 500, 600);
  tuple<int, int
        int> tuple3(700, 800, 900);
  
  // Mapping sum of tuple elements as values
  mapOfTuple[tuple1] = get<0>(tuple1) + 
                       get<1>(tuple1) + 
                       get<2>(tuple1);
  mapOfTuple[tuple2] = get<0>(tuple2) + 
                       get<1>(tuple2) + 
                       get<2>(tuple2);
  mapOfTuple[tuple3] = get<0>(tuple3) + 
                       get<1>(tuple3) + 
                       get<2>(tuple3);
  
  // Calling print function
  print(mapOfTuple);
  
  return 0;
}

Output:

Key(Tuple)            Value(Sum)

[100, 200, 300]            600

[400, 500, 600]            1500

[700, 800, 900]            2400

Example 2: Below is the C++ program to demonstrate the working of a map of tuples.

C++




// C++ program to demonstrate 
// the working of a map of 
// tuples.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// Function to print map elements
void print(map<tuple<string, string, 
           string>, string> &mapOfTuple)
{
  cout << "   Key(Tuple)             " <<
          "Value(Concatenation)\n\n";
  
  // Iterating over map using range-based loop
  for (auto pr : mapOfTuple)
  
    // pr points to current pair of mapOfTuple
    cout << "[" << get<0>(pr.first) << 
            ", " << get<1>(pr.first) << 
            ", " << get<2>(pr.first) << 
            "]         " << pr.second << "\n";
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
  // Declaring a map whose key is a 
  // tuple of strings value is of 
  // also string type 
  map<tuple<string, string, string>, 
            string> mapOfTuple;
  
  // Creating some tuples of string types 
  // to be used as keys
  tuple<string, string, string> 
  tuple1("Geeks", "for", "Geeks");
  tuple<string, string, string> 
  tuple2("R", "HTML", "Javascript");
  tuple<string, string, string> 
  tuple3("Python", "Swift", "Java");
  
  // Mapping concatenation of tuple elements as values
  mapOfTuple[tuple1] = get<0>(tuple1) + " "
                       get<1>(tuple1) + " "
                       get<2>(tuple1);
  mapOfTuple[tuple2] = get<0>(tuple2) + " "
                       get<1>(tuple2) + " "
                       get<2>(tuple2);
  mapOfTuple[tuple3] = get<0>(tuple3) + " "
                       get<1>(tuple3) + " "
                       get<2>(tuple3);
  
  // Calling print function
  print(mapOfTuple);
  
  return 0;
}

Output:

 Key(Tuple)             Value(Concatenation)

[Geeks, for, Geeks]         Geeks for Geeks

[Python, Swift, Java]         Python Swift Java

[R, HTML, Javascript]         R HTML Javascript


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