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Map of Sets in C++ STL with Examples

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 28 Oct, 2021

Maps are associative containers that store elements in a mapped fashion. Each element has a key value and a mapped value. No two mapped values can have same key values.

Sets are a type of associative container in which each element has to be unique because the value of the element identifies it. The value of the element cannot be modified once it is added to the set, though it is possible to remove and add the modified value of that element.

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Map of Sets in STL: A map of sets can be very useful in designing complex data structures and algorithms.


map<datatype, set<datatype>> map_of_set : stores a set of numbers corresponding to a number


map<set<datatype>, datatype> map_of_set : stores a number corresponding to a set of numbers

Lets see how to implement Maps of Sets in C++:


// C++ program to demonstrate use of map of set
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
void show(map<int, set<string> >& mapOfSet)
    // Using iterator to access
    // key, value pairs present
    // inside the mapOfSet
    for (auto it = mapOfSet.begin();
         it != mapOfSet.end();
         it++) {
        // Key is integer
        cout << it->first << " => ";
        // Value is a set of string
        set<string> st = it->second;
        // Strings will be printed
        // in sorted order as set
        // maintains the order
        for (auto it = st.begin();
             it != st.end(); it++) {
            cout << (*it) << ' ';
        cout << '\n';
// Driver code
int main()
    // Declaring a map whose key
    // is of integer type and
    // value is a set of string
    map<int, set<string> > mapOfSet;
    // Inserting values in the
    // set mapped with key 1
    // Set stores unique or
    // distinct elements only
    // Inserting values in the
    // set mapped with key 2
    // Inserting values in the
    // set mapped with key 3
    // Inserting values in the
    // set mapped with key 4
    return 0;
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