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Mahotas – Zernike Moments

  • Last Updated : 30 Jun, 2021

In this article we will see how we can get the zernike moments of the given image in mahotas. Zernike polynomials are an orthogonal basis set (a set of functions for which the integral of the product of any pair of functions is zero). In image processing, computer vision and related fields, an image moment is a certain particular weighted average of the image pixels’ intensities, or a function of such moments, usually chosen to have some attractive property or interpretation. Image moments are useful to describe objects after segmentation.
For this tutorial we will use ‘lena’ image, below is the command to load the lena image 
 

mahotas.demos.load('lena')

Below is the lena image 
 

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In order to do this we will use mahotas.features.zernike_moments method
Syntax : mahotas.features.zernike_moments(img, radius)
Argument : It takes image object and integer as argument
Return : It returns 1-D array 
 

Note : Input image should be filtered or should be loaded as grey
In order to filter the image we will take the image object which is numpy.ndarray and filter it with the help of indexing, below is the command to do this
 

image = image[:, :, 0]

Below is the implementation 
 

Python3




# importing required libraries
import mahotas
import mahotas.demos
from pylab import gray, imshow, show
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
   
# loading image
img = mahotas.demos.load('lena')
   
# filtering image
img = img.max(2)
 
print("Image")
   
# showing image
imshow(img)
show()
 
# radius
radius = 10
 
# computing zernike moments
value = mahotas.features.zernike_moments(img, radius)
  
 
# printing value
print(value)

Output :
 

Image

 



 

[0.31830989 0.01261485 0.00614926 0.00769591 0.0097145  0.01757332
 0.00617458 0.01008905 0.01415304 0.01099679 0.02894761 0.01838737
 0.0074247  0.01333135 0.01958184 0.00431827 0.00540781 0.01675913
 0.03511082 0.00699177 0.00357231 0.01593838 0.01621848 0.0240565
 0.0154929 ]

Another example 
 

Python3




# importing required libraries
import mahotas
import numpy as np
from pylab import gray, imshow, show
import os
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
  
# loading image
img = mahotas.imread('dog_image.png')
 
 
# filtering image
img = img[:, :, 0]
   
print("Image")
   
# showing image
imshow(img)
show()
 
# radius
radius = 10
 
# computing zernike moments
value = mahotas.features.zernike_moments(img, radius)
  
 
# printing value
print(value)

Output :
 

Image

 

 

[0.31830989 0.00985427 0.00714652 0.00171408 0.00442245 0.01796711
 0.00716781 0.00179965 0.0039829  0.0031081  0.02447476 0.0011686
 0.009291   0.00174885 0.00357579 0.00692029 0.0043969  0.03528869
 0.00264739 0.01381883 0.00750501 0.0036528  0.00867514 0.01298398
 0.0129556 ]

 




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