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Mahotas – Full Histogram of Image
  • Last Updated : 10 Jul, 2020

In this article we will see how we can histogram of the image in mahotas. An image histogram is a type of histogram that acts as a graphical representation of the tonal distribution in a digital image. It plots the number of pixels for each tonal value. By looking at the histogram for a specific image a viewer will be able to judge the entire tonal distribution at a glance.

In this tutorial we will use “lena” image, below is the command to load it.

mahotas.demos.load('lena')

Below is the lena image

In order to do this we will use mahotas.fullhistogram method

Syntax : mahotas.fullhistogram(img)



Argument : It takes image object as argument

Return : It returns ndarray of type np.uint32

Note : Input image should be filtered or should be loaded as grey

In order to filter the image we will take the image object which is numpy.ndarray and filter it with the help of indexing, below is the command to do this

image = image[:, :, 0]

Below is the implementation




# importing required libraries
import mahotas
import mahotas.demos
from pylab import gray, imshow, show
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
    
# loading iamge
img = mahotas.demos.load('lena')
  
  
    
# filtering image
img = img.max(2)
  
print("Image")
    
# showing image
imshow(img)
show()
  
# Computing histogram
value = mahotas.fullhistogram(img)
   
# showing histograph
plt.hist(value)

Output :

Image

(array([82., 50., 34., 21., 24., 16.,  9.,  6.,  9.,  5.]),
 array([   0.,  391.9,  783.8, 1175.7, 1567.6, 1959.5, 2351.4, 2743.3,
        3135.2, 3527.1, 3919. ]),
 a list of 10 Patch objects)

Another example




# importing required libraries
import mahotas
import numpy as np
from pylab import gray, imshow, show
import os
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
   
# loading iamge
img = mahotas.imread('dog_image.png')
  
  
# fltering image
img = img[:, :, 0]
    
print("Image")
    
# showing image
imshow(img)
show()
  
# Computing histogram
value = mahotas.fullhistogram(img)
   
# showing histograph
plt.hist(value)

Output :

Image

(array([27., 29., 56., 20., 23., 41., 21., 23., 10.,  6.]),
 array([1.0000e+00, 4.4780e+02, 8.9460e+02, 1.3414e+03, 1.7882e+03,
        2.2350e+03, 2.6818e+03, 3.1286e+03, 3.5754e+03, 4.0222e+03,
        4.4690e+03]),
 a list of 10 Patch objects>

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