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Types of Artificial Intelligence

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Artificial Intelligence refers to something which is made by humans or non-natural things and Intelligence means the ability to understand or think. AI is not a system but it is implemented in the system. There are many different types of AI, each with its own strengths and weaknesses.

In this article, we will learn What Are The Types Of Artificial Intelligence? based on their functionalities, capabilities, and applications. Now Let’s dive deep into the article. Before diving deep into Types of Artificial Intelligence first you need to learn about Artificial Intelligence.

You can refer to this article: Artificial Intelligence

Types of Artificial Intelligence

There are 7 types of Artificial Intelligence divided on the basis of Capabilities and functionalities of AI. Artificial Intelligence can be divided based on capablities and various other functionalities.

Based on Capabilities of AI -Type 1

  • Narrow AI
  • General AI
  • Super AI

Based on the Functionality of AI- Type 2

  • Reactive Machines
  • Limited Theory
  • Theory of Mind
  • Self-awareness

Types of Artificial Intelligence

Based on Capabilities of AI -Type 1

  1. Narrow AI: Narrow AI also known as Weak AI or Narrow AI. Narrow AI is designed and trained ona specific task or a narrow range tasks. These Narrow AI systems are designed and trained for a purpose. These Narrow systems performs their designated tasks but mainly lack in the ability to generalize tasks. Personal Virtual assistance like Alexa or Siri, recommendation systems, image recognization software and other language translation tools.
  2. General AI: It is known as Strong AI. It refers to AI systems that have human intelligence and abilities to perform various tasks. Systems have capability to understand, learn and apply across a wide range of tasks taht are similar to how a human can adapt to various tasks. In general AI remains a theoretical concept, and now no AI can achieve this level of intelligence.
  3. Super AI: It is known as Superintelligent AI that surpasses intelligence of human in solving-probem, creativity, and overall abilities. Super AI develops emotions, desires, need and beliefs of their own. They are able to make decisions of their own and solve problem of its own.

Based on the Functionality of AI- Type 2

  1. Reactive Machines: Reactive machines were created by IBM in the mid-1980s.These machines are the foremost basic sort of AI system. this suggests that they can’t form memories or use past experiences to influence present -made a choice, they will only react to currently existing situations hence “Reactive”. An existing sort of reactive machine is deep blue, chess played by the supercomputer. These are the most basic type of AI and can only react to the environment, they cannot form memories or make decisions based on past experiences. Examples include simple rule-based systems like chess-playing programs.
  2. Limited Memory: It is comprised of machine learning models that the device derives knowledge from previously-learned information, stored data, or events. Unlike Reactive machines, limited memory learns from the past by observing actions or data fed to them to create experiential knowledge. 
  3. Theory of Mind: In this sort of AI decision-making ability is adequate to the extent of the human mind, but by machines. while some machines currently exhibit humanlike capabilities like voice assistants, for example, none are fully capable of holding conversations relative to human standards. One component of human conversation has the emotional capacity or sounding and behaving sort of a person would in standard conversations of conversation AI systems with a theory of mind can understand and simulate the mental states of other agents. This type of AI is still in development and is not yet practical.
  4. Self-Awareness: This AI involves machines that have human-level consciousness. this type of AI isn’t currently alive but would be considered the foremost advanced sort of AI known to man.These AI systems possess consciousness and self-awareness, but this is currently the stuff of science fiction, and not yet a reality.


Artificial Intelligence is divided into various other parts on the basis of their functionalities, capabilities and potential. AI can be classified into different types ranging from Narrow AI working to theoriticAI and Super AI.

FAQs on Artificial Intelligence

Q1. What are the 7 main types of Artificial Intelligence?

There are 7 main types of artificial Inteligence that are :

  • Artificial Narrow Intelligence
  • Artificial General Intelligence
  • Artificial Superintelligence
  • Reactive Machines
  • Limited Memory
  • Theory of Mind
  • Self-Aware

Q2. Can you provide more examples of Narrow AI applications?

Vitual customer support chatbpots, spam filters, recommendation algorithms on streaming platforms like Netflix and Amazon Prime and facial recognition in smartphones these all are the example of Narrow AI applications.

Q3. Is General AI the same as the human-level intelligence?

General AI aims to get intelligence like human but it can not be able to achieve the level of human intelligence. Building general AI is the complex challenge nowadays and it requires the development of adaptable algorithms.

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Last Updated : 15 Sep, 2023
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