Loop Unrolling

Loop unrolling is a loop transformation technique that helps to optimize the execution time of a program. We basically remove or reduce iterations. Loop unrolling increases the program’s speed by eliminating loop control instruction and loop test instructions.

Program 1:

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// This program does not uses loop unrolling.
#include<stdio.h>
  
int main(void)
{
    for (int i=0; i<5; i++)
        printf("Hello\n"); //print hello 5 times
  
    return 0;

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Program 2:



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// This program uses loop unrolling.
#include<stdio.h>
  
int main(void)
{
    // unrolled the for loop in program 1
    printf("Hello\n");
    printf("Hello\n");
    printf("Hello\n");
    printf("Hello\n");
    printf("Hello\n");
  
    return 0;

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Output:

Hello
Hello
Hello
Hello
Hello

Illustration:
Program 2 is more efficient than program 1 because in program 1 there is a need to check the value of i and increment the value of i every time round the loop. So small loops like this or loops where there is fixed number of iterations are involved can be unrolled completely to reduce the loop overhead.

Advantages:

  • Increases program efficiency.
  • Reduces loop overhead.
  • If statements in loop are not dependent on each other, they can be executed in parallel.

Disadvantages:

  • Increased program code size, which can be undesirable.
  • Possible increased usage of register in a single iteration to store temporary variables which may reduce performance.
  • Apart from very small and simple codes, unrolled loops that contain branches are even slower than recursions.

Reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loop_unrolling

This article is contributed by Harsh Agarwal. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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