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Longest subsequence of a number having same left and right rotation
  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 28 Apr, 2021

Given a numeric string S, the task is to find the maximum length of a subsequence having its left rotation equal to its right rotation.

Examples:

Input: S = “100210601” 
Output:
Explanation: 
The subsequence “0000” satisfies the necessary condition. 
The subsequence “1010” generates the string “0101” on left rotation and string “0101” on right rotation. Since both the rotations are same. Therefore, “1010” satisfies the condition as well. 
Therefore, the maximum length of such subsequence is 4.
Input: S = “252525” 
Output:
Explanation: 
The subsequence “252525” generates the string “525252” on left rotation and string “525252” on right rotation. Since both the rotations are same. Therefore, the “252525” satisfies the required condition.

Naive Approach: The simplest approach to solve the problem is to generate all possible subsequences of the given string, and for each subsequence, check if its left rotation is equal to its right rotation. 
Time Complexity: O(2N * N) 
Auxiliary Space: O(N)
 

Efficient Approach: To optimize the above approach, the main observation is that the subsequence should either consist of a single character or should be of even length consisting of two characters alternatively.



Illustration: 
str = “2424” 
Left rotation of the string = “4242” 
Right rotation of the string = “4242” 
As we can see, since the number is of even length having two characters appearing alternately, therefore, the left and right rotation of the given number is equal.
str = “24242” 
Left rotation of the string = “42422” 
Right rotation of the string = “22424” 
As we can see, since the number is of odd length having two characters appearing alternately, therefore, the left and right rotation of the given number is not equal.

Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  • Generate all possible two-digit numbers.
  • For each two-digit number generated, check for the alternating occurrence of both the digits in the string. Keep incrementing count to store the length of alternating subsequence for the particular combination.
  • After the entire traversal of the string, check if both the digits are equal or not. If found to be true, update count to the required answer. If both the digits are equal, then update count or count – 1 to the answer if the count is even or odd respectively.
  • Repeat the above steps for all the possible combinations and print the maximum count obtained.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ Program to implement
// the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the longest subsequence
// having equal left and right rotation
int findAltSubSeq(string s)
{
    // Length of the string
    int n = s.size(), ans = INT_MIN;
 
    // Iterate for all possible combinations
    // of a two-digit numbers
    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
        for (int j = 0; j < 10; j++) {
            int cur = 0, f = 0;
 
            // Check for alternate occurrence
            // of current combination
            for (int k = 0; k < n; k++) {
 
                if (f == 0 and s[k] - '0' == i) {
                    f = 1;
 
                    // Increment the current value
                    cur++;
                }
                else if (f == 1 and s[k] - '0' == j) {
                    f = 0;
 
                    // Increment the current value
                    cur++;
                }
            }
 
            // If alternating sequence is
            // obtained of odd length
            if (i != j and cur % 2 == 1)
 
                // Reduce to even length
                cur--;
 
            // Update answer to store
            // the maximum
            ans = max(cur, ans);
        }
    }
 
    // Return the answer
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    string s = "100210601";
    cout << findAltSubSeq(s);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java Program to implement
// the above approach
import java.util.*;
class GFG{
 
// Function to find the longest subsequence
// having equal left and right rotation
static int findAltSubSeq(String s)
{
    // Length of the String
    int n = s.length(), ans = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
 
    // Iterate for all possible combinations
    // of a two-digit numbers
    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
    {
        for (int j = 0; j < 10; j++)
        {
            int cur = 0, f = 0;
 
            // Check for alternate occurrence
            // of current combination
            for (int k = 0; k < n; k++)
            {
                if (f == 0 && s.charAt(k) - '0' == i)
                {
                    f = 1;
 
                    // Increment the current value
                    cur++;
                }
                else if (f == 1 &&
                         s.charAt(k) - '0' == j)
                {
                    f = 0;
 
                    // Increment the current value
                    cur++;
                }
            }
 
            // If alternating sequence is
            // obtained of odd length
            if (i != j && cur % 2 == 1)
 
                // Reduce to even length
                cur--;
 
            // Update answer to store
            // the maximum
            ans = Math.max(cur, ans);
        }
    }
 
    // Return the answer
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    String s = "100210601";
    System.out.print(findAltSubSeq(s));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by PrinciRaj1992

Python3




# Python3 program to implement
# the above approach
import sys
 
# Function to find the longest subsequence
# having equal left and right rotation
def findAltSubSeq(s):
     
    # Length of the string
    n = len(s)
    ans = -sys.maxsize - 1
     
    # Iterate for all possible combinations
    # of a two-digit numbers
    for i in range(10):
        for j in range(10):
            cur, f = 0, 0
             
            # Check for alternate occurrence
            # of current combination
            for k in range(n):
                if (f == 0 and ord(s[k]) -
                               ord('0') == i):
                    f = 1
                     
                    # Increment the current value
                    cur += 1
                 
                elif (f == 1 and ord(s[k]) -
                                 ord('0') == j):
                    f = 0
                     
                    # Increment the current value
                    cur += 1
             
            # If alternating sequence is
            # obtained of odd length
            if i != j and cur % 2 == 1:
                 
                # Reduce to even length
                cur -= 1
                 
            # Update answer to store
            # the maximum
            ans = max(cur, ans)
             
    # Return the answer
    return ans
 
# Driver code
s = "100210601"
 
print(findAltSubSeq(s))
 
# This code is contributed by Stuti Pathak

C#




// C# Program to implement
// the above approach
using System;
class GFG{
 
// Function to find the longest subsequence
// having equal left and right rotation
static int findAltSubSeq(String s)
{
    // Length of the String
    int n = s.Length, ans = int.MinValue;
 
    // Iterate for all possible combinations
    // of a two-digit numbers
    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
    {
        for (int j = 0; j < 10; j++)
        {
            int cur = 0, f = 0;
 
            // Check for alternate occurrence
            // of current combination
            for (int k = 0; k < n; k++)
            {
                if (f == 0 && s[k] - '0' == i)
                {
                    f = 1;
 
                    // Increment the current value
                    cur++;
                }
                else if (f == 1 &&
                         s[k] - '0' == j)
                {
                    f = 0;
 
                    // Increment the current value
                    cur++;
                }
            }
 
            // If alternating sequence is
            // obtained of odd length
            if (i != j && cur % 2 == 1)
 
                // Reduce to even length
                cur--;
 
            // Update answer to store
            // the maximum
            ans = Math.Max(cur, ans);
        }
    }
 
    // Return the answer
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void Main(String[] args)
{
    String s = "100210601";
    Console.Write(findAltSubSeq(s));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by PrinciRaj1992

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript Program to implement
// the above approach
 
// Function to find the longest subsequence
// having equal left and right rotation
function findAltSubSeq(s)
{
    // Length of the string
    var n = s.length, ans = -1000000000;
 
    // Iterate for all possible combinations
    // of a two-digit numbers
    for (var i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
        for (var j = 0; j < 10; j++) {
            var cur = 0, f = 0;
 
            // Check for alternate occurrence
            // of current combination
            for (var k = 0; k < n; k++) {
 
                if (f == 0 && s[k] - '0' == i) {
                    f = 1;
 
                    // Increment the current value
                    cur++;
                }
                else if (f == 1 && s[k] - '0' == j) {
                    f = 0;
 
                    // Increment the current value
                    cur++;
                }
            }
 
            // If alternating sequence is
            // obtained of odd length
            if (i != j && cur % 2 == 1)
 
                // Reduce to even length
                cur--;
 
            // Update answer to store
            // the maximum
            ans = Math.max(cur, ans);
        }
    }
 
    // Return the answer
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
var s = "100210601";
document.write( findAltSubSeq(s));
 
 
</script>
Output: 
4

 

Time Complexity: O(N) 
Auxiliary Space: O(1)
 

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