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Longest Increasing Subsequence having sum value atmost K

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  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 28 Sep, 2021

Given an integer array arr[] of size N and an integer K. The task is to find the length of the longest subsequence whose sum is less than or equal to K.

Example:  

Input: arr[] = {0, 8, 4, 12, 2, 10, 6, 14, 1, 9, 5, 13, 3, 11, 7, 15} K = 40 
Output:
Explanation: 
If we select subsequence {0, 1, 3, 7, 15} then total sum will be 26, which is less than 40. Hence, the longest increasing possible subsequence length is 5.

Input: arr[] = {5, 8, 3, 7, 9, 1} K = 4 
Output: 1  

Approach:  

  1. The above problem can be solved using recursion.
    • Choose the element at that position if the total sum is less than K and explore the rest items.
    • Leave the element at that position and explore the rest.

Recurrence relation will be given as: 

Recurrence relation: 
T(N) = max(solve(arr, N, arr[i], i+1, K-arr[i])+1, solve(arr, N, prevele, i+1, K)); 
Base conditions: 
if(i >= N || K <= 0) 
return 0  

Here is the implementation of the above approach: 

C++




// C++ program to find the Longest
// Increasing Subsequence having sum
// value atmost K
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
int solve(int arr[], int N,
          int prevele, int i, int K)
{
    // check for base cases
    if (i >= N || K <= 0)
        return 0;
 
    // check if it is possible to take
    // current elements
    if (arr[i] <= prevele
        || (K - arr[i] < 0)) {
 
        return solve(arr, N, prevele,
                     i + 1, K);
    }
 
    // if current element is ignored
    else {
        int ans = max(
            solve(arr, N, arr[i],
                  i + 1, K - arr[i])
                + 1,
            solve(arr, N, prevele,
                  i + 1, K));
        return ans;
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int N = 16;
    int arr[N]
        = { 0, 8, 4, 12,
            2, 10, 6, 14,
            1, 9, 5, 13,
            3, 11, 7, 15 };
    int K = 40;
 
    cout << solve(arr, N,
                  INT_MIN, 0, K)
         << endl;
}

Java




// Java program to find the Longest
// Increasing Subsequence having sum
// value atmost K
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG{
     
static int solve(int arr[], int N,
                 int prevele, int i, int K)
{
     
    // Check for base cases
    if (i >= N || K <= 0)
        return 0;
 
    // Check if it is possible to take
    // current elements
    if (arr[i] <= prevele ||
       (K - arr[i] < 0))
    {
        return solve(arr, N, prevele,
                     i + 1, K);
    }
 
    // If current element is ignored
    else
    {
        int ans = Math.max(solve(arr, N, arr[i],
                              i + 1, K - arr[i]) + 1,
                           solve(arr, N, prevele,
                                 i + 1, K));
                                  
        return ans;
    }
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main (String[] args)
{
    int N = 16;
    int arr[] = new int[]{ 0, 8, 4, 12,
                           2, 10, 6, 14,
                           1, 9, 5, 13,
                           3, 11, 7, 15 };
    int K = 40;
 
    System.out.print(solve(arr, N,
          Integer.MIN_VALUE, 0, K));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Pratima Pandey

Python3




# Python3 program to find the Longest
# Increasing Subsequence having sum
# value atmost K
import sys
 
def solve(arr, N, prevele, i, K):
     
    # Check for base cases
    if (i >= N or K <= 0):
        return 0;
 
    # Check if it is possible to take
    # current elements
    if (arr[i] <= prevele or
       (K - arr[i] < 0)):
        return solve(arr, N, prevele,
                     i + 1, K);
 
    # If current element is ignored
    else:
        ans = max(solve(arr, N, arr[i],
                     i + 1, K - arr[i]) + 1,
                  solve(arr, N, prevele,
                        i + 1, K));
 
        return ans;
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == '__main__':
     
    N = 16;
    arr = [ 0, 8, 4, 12,
            2, 10, 6, 14,
            1, 9, 5, 13,
            3, 11, 7, 15 ];
    K = 40;
 
    print(solve(arr, N, -sys.maxsize, 0, K));
 
# This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar

C#




// C# program to find the Longest
// Increasing Subsequence having sum
// value atmost K
using System;
 
class GFG{
     
static int solve(int[] arr, int N,
                 int prevele, int i, int K)
{
     
    // Check for base cases
    if (i >= N || K <= 0)
        return 0;
 
    // Check if it is possible to take
    // current elements
    if (arr[i] <= prevele ||
       (K - arr[i] < 0))
    {
        return solve(arr, N, prevele,
                     i + 1, K);
    }
 
    // If current element is ignored
    else
    {
        int ans = Math.Max(solve(arr, N, arr[i],
                                 i + 1, K - arr[i]) + 1,
                           solve(arr, N, prevele,
                                 i + 1, K));
                                 
        return ans;
    }
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main ()
{
    int N = 16;
    int[] arr = new int[]{ 0, 8, 4, 12,
                           2, 10, 6, 14,
                           1, 9, 5, 13,
                           3, 11, 7, 15 };
    int K = 40;
 
    Console.Write(solve(arr, N,
        Int32.MinValue, 0, K));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by sanjoy_62

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript program to find the Longest
// Increasing Subsequence having sum
// value atmost K
 
function solve(arr, N, prevele, i, K)
{
    // check for base cases
    if (i >= N || K <= 0)
        return 0;
 
    // check if it is possible to take
    // current elements
    if (arr[i] <= prevele
        || (K - arr[i] < 0)) {
 
        return solve(arr, N, prevele,
                     i + 1, K);
    }
 
    // if current element is ignored
    else {
        var ans = Math.max(
            solve(arr, N, arr[i],
                  i + 1, K - arr[i])
                + 1,
            solve(arr, N, prevele,
                  i + 1, K));
        return ans;
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
var N = 16;
var arr
    = [0, 8, 4, 12,
        2, 10, 6, 14,
        1, 9, 5, 13,
        3, 11, 7, 15];
var K = 40;
document.write( solve(arr, N,
              -1000000000, 0, K));
 
 
</script>

Output: 

5

 

Time Complexity: O (2N) 
Auxiliary Space: O (1)
 


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