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Locator Strategies – Selenium Python
  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 20 Apr, 2020

Locators Strategies in Selenium Python are methods that are used to locate elements from the page and perform an operation on the same. Selenium’s Python Module is built to perform automated testing with Python. Selenium Python bindings provides a simple API to write functional/acceptance tests using Selenium WebDriver. After one has installed selenium and checked out – Navigating links using get method, one might want to play more with Selenium Python. After opening a page using selenium such as geeksforgeeks, one might want to click some buttons automatically or fill a form automatically or any such automated task. This article revolves around two strategies – Locating Single Elements and Location Multiple Elements.
Locator-Strategies-Selenium-Python

Locator Strategies to locate single first elements

Selenium Python follows different locating strategies for elements. One can locate a element in 8 different ways. Here is a list of locating strategies for Selenium in python –

Locators Description
find_element_by_id The first element with the id attribute value matching the location will be returned.
find_element_by_name The first element with the name attribute value matching the location will be returned.
find_element_by_xpath The first element with the xpath syntax matching the location will be returned.
find_element_by_link_text The first element with the link text value matching the location will be returned.
find_element_by_partial_link_text The first element with the partial link text value matching the location will be returned.
find_element_by_tag_name The first element with the given tag name will be returned.
find_element_by_class_name the first element with the matching class attribute name will be returned.
find_element_by_css_selector The first element with the matching CSS selector will be returned.

Locator Strategies to locate multiple elements

Selenium Python follows different locating strategies for elements. One can locate multiple elements in 8 different ways. Here is a list of locating strategies for Selenium in python –

Locators Description
find_elements_by_name All elements with name attribute value matching the location will be returned.
find_elements_by_xpath All elements with xpath syntax matching the location will be returned.
find_elements_by_link_text All elements with link text value matching the location will be returned.
find_elements_by_partial_link_text All elements with partial link text value matching the location will be returned.
find_elements_by_tag_name All elements with given tag name will be returned.
find_elements_by_class_name All elements with matching class attribute name will be returned.
find_elements_by_css_selector All elements with matching CSS selector will be returned.

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