Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article

List of Mountains Passes of India

  • Last Updated : 10 Oct, 2021

“Pass” generally refers to a path, or part of a body of water, that allows passage through an otherwise shallow waterway, and the mountain pass is a navigable route through a mountain range or over a ridge. Passes have played a key role in trade and war. Just above the source of a river, generally, Mountain Passes are found constituting a drainage divide, in some cases passes make the easiest and shortest routes for people to travel across steep mountain ranges. As passes are the only flat land in a mountainous area, it is a suitable place to build settlements due to this sometimes passes connect different cultures that are separated by the mountains between them.

The most important passes of India (state-wise):

1. Jammu and Kashmir:

Pass Name

Altitude

Important Points 

Mintaka Pass

4709 meters

  • This is a mountain pass in the Karakorum Mountains.
  • It connects Kashmir and Xinjiang of China.
  • In ancient times, to enter into Northern India from the Tarim Basin, Mintaka Pass, and Kilik Pass were the shortest and quickest ways which were usually open whole the year.

Parpik Pass

5467 meters

  • This pass is located on the eastern side of the Mintaka pass of the Gilgit-Baltistan region.
  • It connects Kashmir of India and China.
  • Parpik Pass is located towards the north of Parpik Glacier.

Khunjerab Pass        

4693 meters

  • This pass is located in the Karakoram Mountains.
  • This pass connects J&K of India and China.
  • This is one of the highest international border passes in the world.

Aghil Pass

4805 meters

  • located in the Karakoram Range of Jammu & Kashmir.
  • The pass connects the Ladakh region of India from China.
  • This pass is only accessible between June to October.

Chang La

5360 meters

  • Located in the Himalayan Range of J&K.
  • This is the pass, which connects the Ladakh region of India to Tibet.
  • Due to snow on the road almost throughout the year, the road which passes through Chang La becomes very dangerous for its slippery nature.
Banihal Pass2832 meters
  • Located in the Pir Panjal Range.
  • This is the pass, which links the union territory of J&K with the outer Himalayas and the plains to the south of J&K.
  • Before 1956, these passes connect the road from Jammu to Srinagar.
  • The Zaban Glacier is a famous hill station located near this pass.
Khardung La        5359 meters
  • Located in the Karakoram Range in the Ladakh region.
  • This pass is located near the famous Leh town.
  • This pass is also famous as the highest motor-able road in the world passing through it.
Karakoram Pass       5540 meters
  • Located in the Karakoram Range.
  • With the help of the Karakoram Highway, this pass connects India and China.
  • In ancient times this route was part of the famous Silk Route.
  • It is one of the highest trade routes in the world.
Zoji La3528 meters
  • Located in the Himalayan Range in J&K.
  • The road NH-1 passes through this mountain pass.
  • Each year, this pass remains closed between December to May.

2. Himachal Pradesh:

Pass Name

Altitude

Important Points 

Bara Lacha La

4890 meters

  • This pass is located in the Himalayan Range of H.P.
  • It connects Manali to Leh in Jammu & Kashmir.
  • In winter, due to the high altitude road of this pass cannot be used for transport.

Rohtang Pass

3979 meters

  • This pass is located in the Himalayan Range of H.P.
  • this mountain pass is only open from May to November due to snowfall.
  • During the winter season, Snowfall occurs here in the form of unpredictable blizzards and snowstorms.

Shilpki La

3930 meters

  • This pass is located in the Himalayan Range of H.P.
  • This pass connects erstwhile Tibet to India’s border.
  • It is inaccessible in the winter months

Indrahar Pass

4342 meters

  • located in the Dhauladhar range of the Himalayas.
  • The pass connects the border between Kangra and Chamba districts of H.P.
  • Between April – October, it attracts tourists during the trekking season.

Chanshal Pass

3,755 meters

  • Located on the top of the highest peak of Shimla, the Chanshal Peak.
  • This is the pass, which links between Dodra Kwar and Chirgaon of Shimla.
  • the pass remains open from May to October because for the rest of the year it is covered with snow.

3. Uttarakhand:

Pass Name

Altitude

Important Points 

Lipu Lekh

5334 meters

  • This pass is located in the Himalayan range of Indian state Uttarakhand.
  • This mountain pass is generally used by pilgrims to the pilgrimage site Kailash-Mansarovar.

Kalindi pass

5950 meters

  • This is also known as Kalindi Khal.
  • It is located in the Himalayan range of the Indian state Uttarakhand.
  • This pass connecting the Gangotri Glacier and the Gastoli pass.

Sin La Pass

5495 meters

  • It is a very high Himalayan mountain pass.
  • Located in the eastern Kumaon of Uttarakhand.
  • This pass connects Darma Valley to Kuthi Yankti valley.
  • In the past, this pass was used for trade between Bhotiyas and Tibet.

Mana Pass

5632 meters

  • Since, ancient periods, it is the primary trade route between India (Uttarakhand) and Tibet.
  • It is one of the famous highest vehicle-accessible passes.
  • It is the source of the Saraswati River.

Nama Pass

5200 meters

  • located in the eastern Kumaun region of Uttarakhand.
  • This pass links between Kuthi Vally and Darma Valley of Uttarakhand.

4. Sikkim:

Pass Name

Altitude

Important Points 

Nathu La                      

4310 meters          

  • This pass is located in the Himalayan Range of India state Sikkim.
  • In ancient times this route was part of the famous Silk Route.
  • This pass connects the Indian state Sikkim with China.

Jelep La

4267 meters

  • located in the Himalayan Range in the state of Sikkim.
  • Also the part of the ancient Silk Route that led to Lhasa, Tibet

Goecha La

4940 meters

  • It is part of the Himalayan range in the state of Sikkim.
  • It is around 60 km far from the border of West Bengal and Sikkim.
  • It is the gateway to Kanchenjunga mountain.

5. Arunachal Pradesh:

Pass Name

Altitude

Important Points 

Bom Di  La

2217 meters

  • Located in the Himalayan Range of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Via this pass people are connected with Arunachal Pradesh and Lhasa, Tibet.
  • Between Tawang and Tibet, this pass serves as a trading point.

Sela Pass

4170 meters

  • It is a high-altitude mountain pass located in the Himalayan Range of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The road NH-13 passes through this mountain pass and connecting between Tawang with the rest of India.
  • While this pass gets heavy snowfall in winters, it is usually open the rest of the year.

6. Rajasthan:

Pass Name

Altitude

Important Points 

Goram Ghat

900 meters

  • This pass is located in the Aravali Range which is situated in the Rajasthan state.
  • It connects Mewar and Marwar of Rajasthan.
  • The surrounding area is densely forested with Dhok forest and is rich in biodiversity.

Haldighati Pass

396 meters

  • This pass is located in the Aravali Range which is situated in the Rajasthan state.
  • This is the historic location where, in 1576, ‘Battle of Haldighati’ was fought between the Mughals under Emperor Akbar and the Mewar king Maharana Pratap.

7. Madhya Pradesh:

Pass Name

Altitude

Important Points 

Asirgarh Pass

260           meters

  • This pass is located in the Satpura Range of Madhya Pradesh state.
  • It is known as the ‘Key to the Deccan’ for being a famous route between northern India and the Deccan.
  • This Pass connects the Narmada and Tapti Valleys.

8. Tamil Nadu -Kerala:

Pass Name

Altitude

Important Points 

Palakkad Gap

140           meters

  • Tamil Nadu and Kerala are connected via this pass which is located in the Western Ghats mountains.
  • This pass is located between two famous hills ie., Anaimalai Hills and Nilgiri Hills.
  • It connects Coimbatore of Tamil Nadu with Palakkad of Kerala.


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!