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List of Major Indian Seaports

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  • Last Updated : 28 Nov, 2022
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As per the latest pattern of SSC CGL, Banking, and State Commission exams, there are many questions coming from the seaports of India. This section is very much in demand and students can fetch good marks in this section. We will provide all the seaports with their locations in one place so that students take note of them and study accordingly.

Major Seaports of India – An Introduction

With a Huge coastline of around 7,517 kilometres, India is the 16th largest maritime country. Maritime transport accounts for around 95 percent by volume and 70 percent of its trade. India has around 13 major ports and 205 minor and intermediate ports. The port and shipping industry in India is critical to the country’s a trade and commerce growth.  The government is a big supporter of the port industry. It has opened up 100 percent  FDI through an automatic route for port and harbour building and maintenance projects. 


List of Major Seaports of India:

Name of a PortLocationSignificanceMajor Exports
Kochi PortKerala1. Second-largest natural seaport in India
2. A major center for shipbuilding
 Spices, Tea, and Coffee
Ennore PortTamil NaduIndia’s first corporatized portIron ore, Petroleum, Coal, and Chemicals
Haldia portWest BengalIt was established to share the export work with Kolkata Port and relieve some pressure from Kolkata PortJute, Steel, Iron ore
Kolkata PortWest BengalIt is the only riverine major port in India Jute, Iron ore, Tea, Coal, Steel
Kandla PortKutch, Gujarat1. It is known as the Tidal port
2. It is a harbour used to relieve the pressure on Mumbai Port
Textile, Manganese, Machinery, Leather, Chemical product
Mangalore PortKarnataka It is deep water and an all-weather port.
 the only major port in Karnataka
Iron ore
Mormugao PortVasco da Gama, Goa 1. It is a natural harbor.
2. It is located in the estuaries of River zuari in Goa. It is the harbour
Iron ore
Mumbai PortMaharashtra1. It is the largest natural port and the busiest port in India.
2.  It consists of three docks, namely, Prince’s Dock, Victoria Dock, and Indira Dock
 Textile, Manganese, Machinery, Leather, Chemical products
Jawaharlal Nehru portMaharashtra1. It is located on the Eastern shore of Mumbai
2. It is the largest artificial port and the largest container port in India and it is also called Nhava Sheva.
 Textile, Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Carpets
Paradip Port Odisha 1. It is located at the junction point of the Mahanadi river and the Bay of Bengal.
 2. It is the first major port after the Independence
Iron ore, Iron, and Aluminium
Tuticorin PortTamil NaduIt is located in the Gulf of Mannar. It is an artificial port and it is famous for pearl fishery. Salt, Fertilizer, Petroleum, Coal
Vishakhapatnam PortAndhra Pradesh1. It is located between Chennai port and Kolkata Port.
2. It is the second-largest port by volume of cargo handled and it is a natural harbor.
Coal, Alumina, Oil
Chennai PortTamil Nadu1. The largest port on the eastern coast of India.
2. It is an artificial port.
Rice, Textile, Leather, goods, 
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