list empty() function in C++ STL

The list::empty() is a built-in function in C++ STL is used to check whether a particular list container is empty or not. This function does not modifies the list, it simply checks whether a list is empty or not, i.e. the size of list is zero or not.



Parameters: This function does not accept any parameter, it simply checks whether a list container is empty or not.

Return Value: The return type of this function is boolean. It returns True is the size of the list container is zero otherwise it returns False.

Below program illustrates the list::empty() function.





// CPP program to illustrate the
// list::empty() function
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int main()
    // Creating a list
    list<int> demoList;
    // check if list is empty
    if (demoList.empty())
        cout << "Empty List\n";
        cout << "Not Empty\n";
    // Add elements to the List
    // check again if list is empty
    if (demoList.empty())
        cout << "Empty List\n";
        cout << "Not Empty\n";
    return 0;



Empty List
Not Empty

Note: This function works in constant time complexity.

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