Linux Error Redirection
Redirection is a feature in Linux which can be used to change the standard input device (keyboard) or standard output device (screen) during the execution of a command. The basic process of any Linux command is that it takes an input and gives output but the standard/input and output can be changed using the redirection technique.
There are mainly two types of output streams in Linux- standard output and standard error. The redirection operator (command > file) only redirects standard output and hence, the standard error is still displayed on the terminal. The default standard error is the screen. The standard error can also be redirected so that error messages do not clutter up the output of the program. ‘2’ denotes the stderr of a program.
‘2>’ redirects the error of an output to a file. The error messages are redirected and clean output is displayed. The Syntax of this operator is as follows:
command 2> file
Consider an example:
eccho "gfg" 2>file.txt echo "gfg" 2>file.txt
There is no command as echo and hence error message will be displayed. But if 2>file.txt is used, then the error will be redirected to file.txt and no error is displayed on the screen. The cat command can be used to display the content of the file named file.txt which is the error message for the previous command. While executing the second command, gfg is displayed as the echo is a command in Linux to display. Hence, 2> does not redirect standard output.