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LifecycleObserever with Activities in Android
  • Last Updated : 05 May, 2021

LifecycleObserever is Observer is one of the Jetpack Architecture components and is an interface that observes and performs the specified task depending upon the Lifecycle owner’s Lifecycle changes. For example, MainActivity has its own lifecycle and itself is Lifecycle owner and we can implement the LifecycleObserever interface and attach this observer to MainActivity so that certain operations can be performed as the lifecycle of the MainActivity changes. In this article, it’s been demonstrated how the LifecycleObserever performs the tasks as Lifecycle owner’s lifecycle changes. Have a look at the following video to get an overview of the discussion.

Note: This discussion is implemented using the Kotlin language.

Steps to implement the LifecycleObserever for the Android Application

Step 1: Create an empty activity project

Create an empty activity Android studio project and select Kotlin as the programming language. Refer Android | How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio?

Step 2: Adding the required dependencies



Add the following dependencies, to the app-level Gradle file. The dependencies are of the Lifecycle

// Lifecycles only (without ViewModel or LiveData)

implementation “androidx.lifecycle:lifecycle-runtime-ktx:2.3.1”

// Annotation processor

kapt “androidx.lifecycle:lifecycle-compiler:2.3.1”

Note: The version may differ in future.

And also enable the kapt plugin inside the plugins under the app-level gradle file.

plugins {



   id ‘com.android.application’

   id ‘kotlin-android’

   id ‘kotlin-kapt’

}

If unable to get how to add dependencies have look at the following images.

Step 3: Working with acitivity_main.xml file

The main layout of the application is the activity_main.xml file contains only one TextView. To implement the UI invoke the following code inside the activity_main.xml file.

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout 
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="center"
        android:layout_marginTop="128dp"
        android:text="GEEKSFORGEEKS"
        android:textSize="24sp" />
  
</LinearLayout>

Output UI:



Step 4: Create a class that implements LifecycleObserver

Create a class MainActivityObserver.kt which implements the LifecycleObserver interface which contains the functions to perform the assigned tasks, as and when the owner’s lifecycle changes. In this case, the owner is MainActivity.kt, which has its own lifecycle. through the following class, the changes in the lifecycle of MainActivity are observed. Invoke the following code inside the MainActivityObserver.kt file.

Kotlin




import android.util.Log
import androidx.lifecycle.Lifecycle
import androidx.lifecycle.LifecycleObserver
import androidx.lifecycle.OnLifecycleEvent
  
class MainActivityObserver : LifecycleObserver {
  
    private val TAG = javaClass.simpleName
  
    // To observe the onCreate state of MainActivity
    // and perform the assigned tasks
    @OnLifecycleEvent(Lifecycle.Event.ON_CREATE)
    fun onCreatePerformTask() {
        // here for demonstration purpose the Log messages are printed in logcat
        // one may perform their own custom tasks
        Log.i(TAG, "I\'m inside Observer of MainActivity ON_CREATE")
    }
  
    // To observe the onResume state of MainActivity
    // and perform the assigned tasks
    @OnLifecycleEvent(Lifecycle.Event.ON_RESUME)
    fun onResumePerformTask() {
        // here for demonstration purpose the Log messages are printed in logcat
        // one may perform their own custom tasks
        Log.i(TAG, "I\'m inside Observer of MainActivity ON_RESUME")
    }
}

Step 5: Attaching the MainActivityObserver to the MainActivity.kt file

Now there is a need to inform the activity by attaching the observer MainActivityObserver so that the desired tasks can be performed as the state of the activity changes. Invoke the following code inside the MainActivity.kt file.

Kotlin




import android.os.Bundle
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
  
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
  
        // attach the MainActivityObserver 
          // to the MainActivity as follows
        lifecycle.addObserver(MainActivityObserver())
    }
}

Output: 

Here the output is being shown in the logcat as there is an info logging statement inside the observer class.

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