Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article

Lexicographically smallest string formed repeatedly deleting character from substring 10

  • Last Updated : 22 Jul, 2021

Given a binary string S of length N, the task is to find lexicographically the smallest string formed after modifying the string by selecting any substring “10” and removing any one of the characters from that substring, any number of times.

Examples:

Input: S = “0101”
Output: 001
Explanation:
Removing the S[1](=1) from the substring, “10” over the range [1, 2] modifies the string S to “001”, which is the smallest.

Input: S =”11001101″
Output: 0001
Explanation:
One possible way to obtain Lexicographically the smallest string is:

  1. Removing the  S[1](=1)  from the substring, “10” over the range [1, 2] modifies the string S as S = “1001101”.
  2. Removing the  S[0](=1)  from the substring, “10” over the range [0, 1] modifies the string S as S = “001101”.
  3. Removing the  S[3](=1)  from the substring, “10” over the range [3, 4] modifies the string S as S = “00101”.
  4. Removing the  S[2](=1)  from the substring, “10” over the range [2, 3] modifies the string S as S = “0001”.
  5. Now any character can not be removed.

Therefore, the lexicographically smallest obtained string is “0001”.



 Approach: The given problem can be solved based on the following observations: 

  • It can be observed that the character ‘1‘ after the last zero can not be removed as one will not be able to find any “10” substring.
  • Lexicographically, the smallest string will contain as much as zero as it can before the first one.
  • It can be observed that every ‘1‘ can be deleted if there is at least one ‘0‘ after it.
  • Therefore, the idea is to remove all the ones before the last occurring ‘0‘ from the string.

Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  • Initialize two variables, say ans and LastZe, to store the resulting string and the index of last occurring ‘0‘.
  • Iterate over the characters of string S using the variable i and then if S[i] is ‘0‘ then assign i to LastZe.
  • Iterate over the characters of string S using the variable i and perform the following operations:
    • If S[i] = ‘0’ and i ≤ LastZe, then append S[i] to ans.
    • Otherwise, if i > LastZe, then append S[i] to ans.
  • Finally, after completing the above steps, print the result as ans.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find smallest lexicogra-
// phically smallest string
string lexicographicallySmallestString(string S, int N)
{
    // Stores the index of last
    // occuring 0
    int LastZe = -1;
 
    // Stores the lexicographically
    // smallest string
    string ans;
 
    // Traverse the string S
    for (int i = N - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
 
        // If str[i] is 0
        if (S[i] == '0') {
 
            // Assign i to lastZe
            LastZe = i;
            break;
        }
    }
 
    // Traverse the string str
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
        // If i is less than or equal
        // to lastZe and str[i] is 0
        if (i <= LastZe && S[i] == '0')
            ans += S[i];
 
        // If i is greater than lastZe
        else if (i > LastZe)
            ans += S[i];
    }
 
    // Return ans
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    // Input
    string S = "11001101";
    int N = S.size();
 
    // Function Call
    cout << lexicographicallySmallestString(S, N);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.lang.*;
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to find smallest lexicogra-
// phically smallest string
static String lexicographicallySmallestString(String S,
                                              int N)
{
     
    // Stores the index of last
    // occuring 0
    int LastZe = -1;
 
    // Stores the lexicographically
    // smallest string
    String ans = "";
 
    // Traverse the string S
    for(int i = N - 1; i >= 0; i--)
    {
         
        // If str[i] is 0
        if (S.charAt(i) == '0')
        {
             
            // Assign i to lastZe
            LastZe = i;
            break;
        }
    }
 
    // Traverse the string str
    for(int i = 0; i < N; i++)
    {
         
        // If i is less than or equal
        // to lastZe and str[i] is 0
        if (i <= LastZe && S.charAt(i) == '0')
            ans += S.charAt(i);
 
        // If i is greater than lastZe
        else if (i > LastZe)
            ans += S.charAt(i);
    }
     
    // Return ans
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
     
    // Input
    String S = "11001101";
    int N = S.length();
 
    // Function Call
    System.out.println(
        lexicographicallySmallestString(S, N));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by avijitmondal1998

Python3




# Python program for the above approach
 
# Function to find smallest lexicogra-
# phically smallest string
def lexicographicallySmallestString(S, N):
   
    # Stores the index of last
    # occuring 0
    LastZe = -1
 
    # Stores the lexicographically
    # smallest string
    ans = ""
 
    # Traverse the S
    for i in range(N - 1, -1, -1):
       
        # If str[i] is 0
        if (S[i] == '0'):
 
            # Assign i to lastZe
            LastZe = i
            break
 
    # Traverse the str
    for  i in range(N):
        # If i is less than or equal
        # to lastZe and str[i] is 0
        if (i <= LastZe and S[i] == '0'):
            ans += S[i]
 
        # If i is greater than lastZe
        elif (i > LastZe):
            ans += S[i]
 
    # Return ans
    return ans
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    # Input
    S = "11001101"
    N = len(S)
 
    # Function Call
    print (lexicographicallySmallestString(S, N))
 
# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29.

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
class GFG {
    // Function to find smallest lexicogra-
    // phically smallest string
    static string lexicographicallySmallestString(string S,
                                                  int N)
    {
        // Stores the index of last
        // occuring 0
        int LastZe = -1;
 
        // Stores the lexicographically
        // smallest string
        string ans = "";
 
        // Traverse the string S
        for (int i = N - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
 
            // If str[i] is 0
            if (S[i] == '0') {
 
                // Assign i to lastZe
                LastZe = i;
                break;
            }
        }
 
        // Traverse the string str
        for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
            // If i is less than or equal
            // to lastZe and str[i] is 0
            if (i <= LastZe && S[i] == '0')
                ans += S[i];
 
            // If i is greater than lastZe
            else if (i > LastZe)
                ans += S[i];
        }
 
        // Return ans
        return ans;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Input
        string S = "11001101";
        int N = S.Length;
 
        // Function Call
        Console.Write(
            lexicographicallySmallestString(S, N));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by ukasp.

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program for the above approach
 
// Function to find smallest lexicogra-
// phically smallest string
function lexicographicallySmallestString(S, N)
{
     
    // Stores the index of last
    // occuring 0
    var LastZe = -1;
 
    // Stores the lexicographically
    // smallest string
    var ans = "";
 
    // Traverse the string S
    for(var i = N - 1; i >= 0; i--)
    {
         
        // If str[i] is 0
        if (S.charAt(i) == '0')
        {
             
            // Assign i to lastZe
            LastZe = i;
            break;
        }
    }
 
    // Traverse the string str
    for(var i = 0; i < N; i++)
    {
         
        // If i is less than or equal
        // to lastZe and str[i] is 0
        if (i <= LastZe && S.charAt(i) == '0')
            ans += S.charAt(i);
 
        // If i is greater than lastZe
        else if (i > LastZe)
            ans += S.charAt(i);
    }
     
    // Return ans
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver code
 
// Input
var S = "11001101";
var N = S.length;
 
// Function Call
document.write(lexicographicallySmallestString(S, N));
 
// This code is contributed by shivanisinghss2110
 
</script>
Output
0001

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.  To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.

In case you wish to attend live classes with experts, please refer DSA Live Classes for Working Professionals and Competitive Programming Live for Students.




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :