# Length of Smallest Subsequence such that sum of elements is greater than equal to K

• Difficulty Level : Easy
• Last Updated : 28 Jun, 2022

Given an array arr[] of size N and a number K, the task is to find the length of the smallest subsequence such that the sum of the subsequence is greater than or equal to number K.
Example:

Input: arr[] = {2, 3, 1, 5, 6, 3, 7, 9, 14, 10, 2, 5}, K = 35
Output:
Smallest subsequence with the sum greater than or equal to the given sum K is {7, 9, 14, 10}
Input: arr[] = {1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 4, 5, 4, 7, 6, 5, 12}, K = 70
Output:-1
Subsequence with sum greater than equal to the given sum is not possible.

Approach:

• This problem can be solved with the help of priority queue
• Traverse input array and insert every array element into priority queue.
• Initialize variables that holds the sum of picked element from priority queue and the variable to get the count of picked element from priority queue to 0
• Pop the elements out from the priority queue until the priority queue is not empty
1. Add the element into the sum
2. Increase the count because the element is picked to contribute to the total sum
3. Check if the sum is greater than the given number K, If yes then stop checking and output the count.

Below is the implementation of above approach.

## C++

 `// C++ implementation to find length of smallest``// subsequence such that sum of elements``// is greater than equal to given number K` `#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to find the smallest``// subsequence such that sum of elements``// is greater than equal to given number K``int` `lengthOfSmallestSubsequence(``int` `K, vector<``int``> v)``{``    ``// Initialize priority queue``    ``priority_queue<``int``> pq;` `    ``// Loop to insert all elements into``    ``// the priority queue``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < v.size(); i++) {``        ``pq.push(v[i]);``    ``}``    ``int` `sum = 0, count = 0;` `    ``// Loop to find the smallest``    ``// subsequence such that sum of elements``    ``// is greater than equal to given number K``    ``while` `(!pq.empty() && sum < K) {``        ``sum += pq.top();``        ``pq.pop();``        ``count++;``    ``}``    ``// If sum is less than K``    ``// then return -1 else return count.``    ``if` `(sum < K) {``        ``return` `-1;``    ``}``    ``return` `count;``}` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{` `    ``vector<``int``> v{ 2, 3, 1, 5,``                   ``6, 3, 7, 9,``                   ``14, 10, 2, 5 };``    ``int` `K = 35;` `    ``cout << lengthOfSmallestSubsequence(K, v);` `    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java implementation to find length of smallest``// subsequence such that sum of elements``// is greater than equal to given number K``import` `java.util.*;` `class` `GFG``{` `// Function to find the smallest``// subsequence such that sum of elements``// is greater than equal to given number K``static` `int` `lengthOfSmallestSubsequence(``int` `K, ``int` `[]v)``{``    ``// Initialize priority queue``    ``Queue pq =``            ``new` `PriorityQueue(Collections.reverseOrder());` `    ``// Loop to insert all elements into``    ``// the priority queue``    ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < v.length; i++)``    ``{``        ``pq.add(v[i]);``    ``}``    ``int` `sum = ``0``, count = ``0``;` `    ``// Loop to find the smallest``    ``// subsequence such that sum of elements``    ``// is greater than equal to given number K``    ``while` `(!pq.isEmpty() && sum < K)``    ``{``        ``sum += pq.peek();``        ``pq.remove();``        ``count++;``    ``}``    ` `    ``// If sum is less than K``    ``// then return -1 else return count.``    ``if` `(sum < K)``    ``{``        ``return` `-``1``;``    ``}``    ``return` `count;``}` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{``    ``int` `[]v = { ``2``, ``3``, ``1``, ``5``,``                ``6``, ``3``, ``7``, ``9``,``                ``14``, ``10``, ``2``, ``5` `};``    ``int` `K = ``35``;``    ``System.out.print(lengthOfSmallestSubsequence(K, v));``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Rajput-Ji`

## Python3

 `# Python3 implementation to find length of smallest``# subsequence such that sum of elements``# is greater than equal to given number K` `# Function to find the smallest``# subsequence such that sum of elements``# is greater than equal to given number K``def` `lengthOfSmallestSubsequence(K, v):``    ` `    ``# Initialize priority queue``    ``pq ``=` `[]` `    ``# Loop to insert all elements into``    ``# the priority queue``    ``for` `i ``in` `v:``        ``pq.append(i)``    ``pq.sort()` `    ``sum` `=` `0``    ``count ``=` `0` `    ``# Loop to find the smallest``    ``# subsequence such that sum of elements``    ``# is greater than equal to given number K``    ``while` `(``len``(pq) > ``0` `and` `sum` `< K):``        ``sum` `+``=` `pq[``-``1``]``        ``del` `pq[``-``1``]``        ``count ``+``=` `1``    ` `    ``# If sum is less than K``    ``# then return -1 else return count.``    ``if` `(``sum` `< K):``        ``return` `-``1``    ``return` `count` `# Driver code``v ``=` `[``2``, ``3``, ``1``, ``5``,``    ``6``, ``3``, ``7``, ``9``,``    ``14``, ``10``, ``2``, ``5``]``K ``=` `35` `print``(lengthOfSmallestSubsequence(K, v))` `# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29`

## C#

 `// C# implementation to find length of smallest``// subsequence such that sum of elements``// is greater than equal to given number K using System;``using` `System;``using` `System.Collections.Generic;``using` `System.Linq;``class` `GFG``{` `  ``// Function to find the smallest``  ``// subsequence such that sum of elements``  ``// is greater than equal to given number K``  ``static` `int` `lengthOfSmallestSubsequence(``int` `K, ``int` `[]v)``  ``{` `    ``// Initialize List``    ``List<``int``> pq = ``new` `List<``int``>();` `    ``// Loop to insert all elements into``    ``// the List``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < v.Length; i++) ``    ``{``      ``pq.Add(v[i]);``    ``}` `    ``// Sort list in reverse order``    ``pq.Sort();``    ``pq.Reverse();``    ``int` `sum = 0;``    ``int` `count = 0;` `    ``// Loop to find the smallest``    ``// subsequence such that sum of elements``    ``// is greater than equal to given number K``    ``while``(pq.Count > 0 && sum < K)``    ``{``      ``sum += pq[0];``      ``pq.RemoveAt(0);``      ``count++;``    ``}` `    ``// If sum is less than K``    ``// then return -1 else return count.``    ``if` `(sum < K)``    ``{``      ``return` `-1;``    ``}``    ``return` `count;``  ``}` `  ``// Driver code``  ``static` `public` `void` `Main ()``  ``{``    ``int` `[]v = { 2, 3, 1, 5,6, 3, 7, 9, 14, 10, 2, 5 };``    ``int` `K = 35;``    ``Console.WriteLine(lengthOfSmallestSubsequence(K, v));``  ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155`

## Javascript

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Output:

`4`

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