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# Length of longest common prefix possible by rearranging strings in a given array

Given an array of strings arr[], the task is to find the length of the longest common prefix by rearranging the characters of each string of the given array.

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {“aabdc”, “abcd”, “aacd”}
Output: 3
Explanation: Rearrange characters of each string of the given array such that the array becomes {“acdab”, “acdb”, “acda”}.
Therefore, the longest common prefix of all the strings of the given array is “acd” having length equal to 3.

Input: arr[] = {“abcdef”, “adgfse”, “fhfdd”}
Output: 2
Explanation: Rearrange characters of each string of the given array such that the array becomes {“dfcaeb”, “dfgase”, “dffhd”}.
Therefore, the longest common prefix of all the strings of the given array is “df” having length equal to 2.

Naive Approach: The simplest approach to solve this problem is to generate all possible permutations of each string of the given array and find the longest common prefix of all the strings. Finally, print the length of the longest common prefix.

Time Complexity: O(N * log M * (M!)N)
Auxiliary Space: O(M), N is the number of strings, M is the length of the longest string.

Efficient Approach: To optimize the above approach the idea is to use Hashing. Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

• Initialize a 2D array, say freq[N][256] such that freq[i][j] stores the frequency of a character(= j) in string arr[i].
• Traverse the given array and stores the frequency of arr[i][j] into freq[i][arr[i][j]].
• Initialize a variable, say maxLen to store the length of the longest common prefix
• Iterate over all possible characters and find the minimum frequency, say minRowVal of the current character in all the strings of the given array, and increment the value of maxLen by minRowVal
• Finally, print the value of maxLen.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++14

 `// C++ program to implement``// the above approach` `#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to get the length``// of the longest common prefix``// by rearranging the strings``int` `longComPre(string arr[], ``int` `N)``{``    ``// freq[i][j]: stores the frequency``    ``// of a character(= j) in``    ``// a string arr[i]``    ``int` `freq[N][256];` `    ``// Initialize freq[][] array.``    ``memset``(freq, 0, ``sizeof``(freq));` `    ``// Traverse the given array``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < N; i++) {` `        ``// Stores length of``        ``// current string``        ``int` `M = arr[i].length();` `        ``// Traverse current string``        ``// of the given array``        ``for` `(``int` `j = 0; j < M;``             ``j++) {` `            ``// Update the value of``            ``// freq[i][arr[i][j]]``            ``freq[i][arr[i][j]]++;``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``// Stores the length of``    ``// longest common prefix``    ``int` `maxLen = 0;` `    ``// Count the minimum frequency``    ``// of each character in``    ``// in all the strings of arr[]``    ``for` `(``int` `j = 0; j < 256; j++) {` `        ``// Stores minimum value``        ``// in each row of freq[][]``        ``int` `minRowVal = INT_MAX;` `        ``// Calculate minimum frequency``        ``// of current character``        ``// in all the strings.``        ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < N;``             ``i++) {` `            ``// Update minRowVal``            ``minRowVal = min(minRowVal,``                            ``freq[i][j]);``        ``}` `        ``// Update maxLen``        ``maxLen += minRowVal;``    ``}``    ``return` `maxLen;``}` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``    ``string arr[] = { ``"aabdc"``,``                     ``"abcd"``,``                     ``"aacd"` `};``    ``int` `N = 3;``    ``cout << longComPre(arr, N);``}`

## Java

 `// Java program to implement``// the above approach``import` `java.util.*;``class` `GFG{` `// Function to get the length``// of the longest common prefix``// by rearranging the Strings``static` `int` `longComPre(String arr[],``                      ``int` `N)``{``  ``// freq[i][j]: stores the``  ``// frequency of a character(= j)``  ``// in a String arr[i]``  ``int` `[][]freq = ``new` `int``[N][``256``];` `  ``// Traverse the given array``  ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < N; i++)``  ``{``    ``// Stores length of``    ``// current String``    ``int` `M = arr[i].length();` `    ``// Traverse current String``    ``// of the given array``    ``for` `(``int` `j = ``0``; j < M; j++)``    ``{``      ``// Update the value of``      ``// freq[i][arr[i][j]]``      ``freq[i][arr[i].charAt(j)]++;``    ``}``  ``}` `  ``// Stores the length of``  ``// longest common prefix``  ``int` `maxLen = ``0``;` `  ``// Count the minimum frequency``  ``// of each character in``  ``// in all the Strings of arr[]``  ``for` `(``int` `j = ``0``; j < ``256``; j++)``  ``{``    ``// Stores minimum value``    ``// in each row of freq[][]``    ``int` `minRowVal = Integer.MAX_VALUE;` `    ``// Calculate minimum frequency``    ``// of current character``    ``// in all the Strings.``    ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < N; i++)``    ``{``      ``// Update minRowVal``      ``minRowVal = Math.min(minRowVal,``                           ``freq[i][j]);``    ``}` `    ``// Update maxLen``    ``maxLen += minRowVal;``  ``}``  ``return` `maxLen;``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{``  ``String arr[] = {``"aabdc"``,``                  ``"abcd"``,``                  ``"aacd"``};``  ``int` `N = ``3``;``  ``System.out.print(longComPre(arr, N));``}``}` `// This code is contributed by gauravrajput1`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to implement``# the above approach``import` `sys` `# Function to get the length``# of the longest common prefix``# by rearranging the strings``def` `longComPre(arr, N):``    ` `    ``# freq[i][j]: stores the frequency``    ``# of a character(= j) in``    ``# a arr[i]``    ``freq ``=` `[[``0` `for` `i ``in` `range``(``256``)]``               ``for` `i ``in` `range``(N)]` `    ``# Initialize freq[][] array.``    ``# memset(freq, 0, sizeof(freq))` `    ``# Traverse the given array``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(N):``        ` `        ``# Stores length of``        ``# current string``        ``M ``=` `len``(arr[i])` `        ``# Traverse current string``        ``# of the given array``        ``for` `j ``in` `range``(M):``            ` `            ``# Update the value of``            ``# freq[i][arr[i][j]]``            ``freq[i][``ord``(arr[i][j])] ``+``=` `1` `    ``# Stores the length of``    ``# longest common prefix``    ``maxLen ``=` `0` `    ``# Count the minimum frequency``    ``# of each character in``    ``#in all the strings of arr[]``    ``for` `j ``in` `range``(``256``):``        ` `        ``# Stores minimum value``        ``# in each row of freq[][]``        ``minRowVal ``=` `sys.maxsize` `        ``# Calculate minimum frequency``        ``# of current character``        ``# in all the strings.``        ``for` `i ``in` `range``(N):``            ` `            ``# Update minRowVal``            ``minRowVal ``=` `min``(minRowVal,``                            ``freq[i][j])` `        ``# Update maxLen``        ``maxLen ``+``=` `minRowVal``        ` `    ``return` `maxLen` `# Driver Code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `'__main__'``:``    ` `    ``arr ``=` `[ ``"aabdc"``, ``"abcd"``, ``"aacd"` `]``    ``N ``=` `3``    ` `    ``print``(longComPre(arr, N))` `# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29`

## C#

 `// C# program to implement``// the above approach``using` `System;``class` `GFG{` `// Function to get the length``// of the longest common prefix``// by rearranging the Strings``static` `int` `longComPre(String []arr,``                      ``int` `N)``{``  ``// freq[i,j]: stores the``  ``// frequency of a character(= j)``  ``// in a String arr[i]``  ``int` `[,]freq = ``new` `int``[N, 256];` `  ``// Traverse the given array``  ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < N; i++)``  ``{``    ``// Stores length of``    ``// current String``    ``int` `M = arr[i].Length;` `    ``// Traverse current String``    ``// of the given array``    ``for` `(``int` `j = 0; j < M; j++)``    ``{``      ``// Update the value of``      ``// freq[i,arr[i,j]]``      ``freq[i, arr[i][j]]++;``    ``}``  ``}` `  ``// Stores the length of``  ``// longest common prefix``  ``int` `maxLen = 0;` `  ``// Count the minimum frequency``  ``// of each character in``  ``// in all the Strings of []arr``  ``for` `(``int` `j = 0; j < 256; j++)``  ``{``    ``// Stores minimum value``    ``// in each row of [,]freq``    ``int` `minRowVal = ``int``.MaxValue;` `    ``// Calculate minimum frequency``    ``// of current character``    ``// in all the Strings.``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < N; i++)``    ``{``      ``// Update minRowVal``      ``minRowVal = Math.Min(minRowVal,``                           ``freq[i, j]);``    ``}` `    ``// Update maxLen``    ``maxLen += minRowVal;``  ``}``  ``return` `maxLen;``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)``{``  ``String []arr = {``"aabdc"``,``                  ``"abcd"``,``                  ``"aacd"``};``  ``int` `N = 3;``  ``Console.Write(longComPre(arr, N));``}``}` `// This code is contributed by gauravrajput1`

## Javascript

 ``

Output

`3`

Time Complexity: O(N * (M + 256))
Auxiliary Space: O(N * 256)

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