Related Articles
Length of diagonals of a Rhombus using length of Side and vertex Angle
• Last Updated : 17 Nov, 2020

Given two integers A and theta, denoting the length of a side of a rhombus and the vertex angle respectively, the task is to find the length of the diagonals of the rhombus.

Examples:

Input: A = 10, theta = 30
Output: 19.32 5.18

Input: A = 6, theta = 45
Output: 11.09 4.59

Approach:
The problem can be solved using the law of cosines. Using the law of cosines on triangles formed by the diagonals and sides of the rhombus gives the following relation to calculate the length of diagonals:   Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 // C++ program to implement// the above approach#include using namespace std;  // Function to calculate the length// of diagonals of a rhombus using// length of sides and vertex angledouble Length_Diagonals(int a, double theta){    double p = a * sqrt(2 + (2 * cos(           theta * (3.141 / 180))));    double q = a * sqrt(2 - (2 * cos(           theta * (3.141 / 180))));                 cout << fixed << setprecision(2) << p         << " " << q; }  // Driver Code int main() {     int a = 6;    int theta = 45;        // Function Call     Length_Diagonals(a, theta);         return 0; }   // This code is contributed by Virusbuddah_

## Java

 // Java program to implement// the above approachclass GFG{  // Function to calculate the length// of diagonals of a rhombus using// length of sides and vertex anglestatic double[] Length_Diagonals(int a, double theta){    double p = a * Math.sqrt(2 + (2 *                   Math.cos(theta * (Math.PI / 180))));      double q = a * Math.sqrt(2 - (2 *                   Math.cos(theta * (Math.PI / 180))));      return new double[]{ p, q };}  // Driver Codepublic static void main(String[] args) {    int A = 6;    double theta = 45;          double[] ans = Length_Diagonals(A, theta);      System.out.printf("%.2f" + " " + "%.2f",                      ans, ans);}}  // This code is contributed by Princi Singh

## Python3

 # Python Program to implement# the above approachimport math  # Function to calculate the length# of diagonals of a rhombus using# length of sides and vertex angledef Length_Diagonals(a, theta):      p = a * math.sqrt(2 + (2 * \            math.cos(math.radians(theta))))                  q = a * math.sqrt(2 - (2 * \            math.cos(math.radians(theta))))      return [p, q]    # Driver CodeA = 6theta = 45  ans = Length_Diagonals(A, theta)  print(round(ans, 2), round(ans, 2))

## C#

 // C# program to implement// the above approachusing System;class GFG{  // Function to calculate the length// of diagonals of a rhombus using// length of sides and vertex anglestatic double[] Length_Diagonals(int a, double theta){    double p = a * Math.Sqrt(2 + (2 *                   Math.Cos(theta * (Math.PI / 180))));      double q = a * Math.Sqrt(2 - (2 *                   Math.Cos(theta * (Math.PI / 180))));      return new double[]{ p, q };}  // Driver Codepublic static void Main(String[] args) {    int A = 6;    double theta = 45;          double[] ans = Length_Diagonals(A, theta);      Console.Write("{0:F2}" + " " + "{1:F2}",                            ans, ans);}}  // This code is contributed by gauravrajput1
Output:
11.09 4.59



Time Complexity: O(1)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up