Given a n-sided regular polygon of side length a.The task is to find the length of it’s diagonal.
Input: a = 9, n = 10 Output: 17.119 Input: a = 4, n = 5 Output: 6.47213
We know that the sum of interior angles of a polygon = (n – 2) * 180 where, n is the no. of sides in the polygon.
So, each interior angle = (n – 2) * 180/n
Now, we have to find BC = 2 * x. If we draw a perpendicular AO on BC, we will see that the perpendicular bisects BC in BO and OC, as triangles AOB and AOC are congruent to each other.
Now, t = (n – 2) * 180/2n
So, sint = x/a
Therefore, x = asint
Hence, diagonal=2x = 2asint = 2asin((n – 2) * 180/2n)
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