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Latin alphabet cipher

  • Last Updated : 20 May, 2021

The Latin Alphabet Cipher Encryption Technique is one of the earliest and simplest techniques of encrypting data. It’s simply a type of substitution cipher technique, i.e., each letter of a given text is substituted by its corresponding number as represented in its alphabetical order. For Example, we have given a string as “hello everyone”, then its Latin Cipher Encryption will be “8 5 12 12 15 5 22 5 18 25 15 14 5”.

Examples: 

Input :  geeksforgeeks
Output : Encrypted Code using Latin Alphabet
         7 5 5 11 19 6 15 18 7 5 5 11 19 

Input :  hello everyone
Output : Encrypted Code using Latin Alphabet
         8 5 12 12 15  5 22 5 18 25 15 14 5  

Prerequisite : isalpha() and isdigit() functions in C/C++ with example
Below is the program to convert a given string to its Latin Alphabet cipher: 

C++




// Latin Alphabet Cipher Encryption header files
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
 
// function for calculating the encryption
void cipher(char str[])
{
    for (int i = 0; str[i] != '\0'; i++) {
        if (isalpha(str[i]) == 0 && str[i] != ' ') {
            printf("Enter only alphabets and space\n");
            return;
        }
    }
 
    printf("Encrypted Code using Latin Alphabet\n");
    for (int i = 0; str[i] != '\0'; i++) {
 
        if (str[i] >= 'A' && str[i] <= 'Z')
            printf("%d ", str[i] - 'A' + 1);
 
        else if (str[i] >= 'a' && str[i] <= 'z')
            printf("%d ", str[i] - 'a' + 1);
        if (str[i] == ' ')
            printf("%c", str[i]);
    }
    printf("\n");
}
 
// driver code
int main()
{
    char str[] = "geeksforgeeks";
    cipher(str);
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to demonstrate
// Latin Alphabet Cipher
 
class LatinCipher
{
    // function for calculating the encryption
    static void cipher(String str)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++)
        {
            if (!Character.isLetter(str.charAt(i)) &&
            str.charAt(i) != ' ')
            {
                System.out.println("Enter only alphabets and space");
                return;
            }
        }
 
        System.out.println("Encrypted Code using Latin Alphabet");
        for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++)
        {
            if (str.charAt(i) >= 'A' && str.charAt(i) <= 'Z')
            {
                System.out.print(str.charAt(i) - 'A' + 1 + " ");
            }
            else if (str.charAt(i) >= 'a' && str.charAt(i) <= 'z')
            {
                System.out.print(str.charAt(i) - 'a' + 1 + " ");
            }
            if (str.charAt(i) == ' ')
                System.out.print(str.charAt(i));
 
        }
        System.out.println();
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        String str = "geeksforgeeks";
        cipher(str);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Vivekkumar Singh

Python3




# Python program to demonstrate
# Latin Alphabet Cipher
 
# function for calculating the encryption
def cipher(str):
 
    for i in range(len(str)):
        if str[i].isalpha() == 0 and str[i] != " ":
            print("Enter only alphabets and space")
            return
 
 
    print("Encrypted Code using Latin Alphabet")
    for i in range(len(str)):
 
        if str[i] >= "A" and str[i] <= "Z":
            print(ord(str[i])-ord("A")+1, end=" ")
         
        elif str[i] >= "a" and str[i] <= 'z':
            print(ord(str[i])-ord("a")+1, end=" ")
         
        if str[i] == " ":
            print(str[i])
     
    print()
 
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__":
    str = "geeksforgeeks"
    cipher(str)
 
# This code is contributed by
# sanjeev2552

C#




// C# program to demonstrate
// Latin Alphabet Cipher
using System;
     
public class LatinCipher
{
    // function for calculating the encryption
    static void cipher(String str)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < str.Length; i++)
        {
            if (!char.IsLetter(str[i]) &&
            str[i] != ' ')
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Enter only alphabets and space");
                return;
            }
        }
 
        Console.WriteLine("Encrypted Code using Latin Alphabet");
        for (int i = 0; i < str.Length; i++)
        {
            if (str[i] >= 'A' && str[i] <= 'Z')
            {
                Console.Write(str[i] - 'A' + 1 + " ");
            }
            else if (str[i] >= 'a' && str[i] <= 'z')
            {
                Console.Write(str[i] - 'a' + 1 + " ");
            }
            if (str[i] == ' ')
                Console.Write(str[i]);
 
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        String str = "geeksforgeeks";
        cipher(str);
    }
}
 
// This code has been contributed by 29AjayKumar

PHP




<?php
// Latin Alphabet Cipher
// Encryption header files
 
// function for calculating
// the encryption
function cipher($str)
{
        if (!ctype_alpha($str))
        {
            printf("Enter only " +
                   "alphabets and space\n");
            return;
        }
 
    printf("Encrypted Code using ");
    printf("Latin Alphabet\n");
    for ($i = 0; $i < strlen($str); $i++)
    {
        if ($str[$i] >= 'A' &&
            $str[$i] <= 'Z')
            echo (ord($str[$i]) -
                    65 + 1). " ";
 
        else if ($str[$i] >= 'a' &&
                 $str[$i] <= 'z')
            echo (ord($str[$i]) -
                    97 + 1). " ";
 
    }
    echo "\n";
}
 
// Driver Code
$str = "geeksforgeeks";
cipher($str);
 
// This code is contributed by mits.
?>

Javascript




<script>
    // JavaScript program to demonstrate
    // Latin Alphabet Cipher
    // function for calculating the encryption
    function cipher(str) {
        for (var i = 0; i < str.length; i++) {
            if (!isLetter(str[i]) && str[i] !== " ") {
                document.write("Enter only alphabets and space");
                return;
              }
        }
 
        document.write("Encrypted Code using Latin Alphabet <br>");
            for (var i = 0; i < str.length; i++) {
                  if (str[i] >= "A" && str[i] <= "Z") {
                    document.write(str[i].charCodeAt(0)
                                   - "A".charCodeAt(0) + 1 + "");
                  }
                  else if (str[i] >= "a" && str[i] <= "z") {
                    document.write(str[i].charCodeAt(0)
                               - "a".charCodeAt(0) + 1 + " ");
                  }
                  if (str[i] == " ")
                    document.write(str[i]);
            }
            document.write("<br>");
      }
 
      //check isLetter
      function isLetter(str) {
            return str.length === 1 && str.match(/[a-z]/i);
      }
 
      // Driver Code
      var str = "geeksforgeeks";
      cipher(str);
</script>
Output: 
Encrypted Code using Latin Alphabet
7 5 5 11 19 6 15 18 7 5 5 11 19

 


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