# K’th Smallest/Largest Element using STL

Given an array and a number k where k is smaller than size of array, we need to find the k’th smallest element in the given array.

Examples:

Input : arr[] = {7, 10, 4, 3, 20, 15} k = 2 Output : 4 Smallest element is 3. Second smallest is 4. Input : arr[] = {7, 10, 4, 3, 3, 15} k = 2 Output : 4 Even if there are more than one occurrences of 3, answer should be 4. Input :arr[] = {7, 10, 4, 3, 20, 15} k = 4 Output : 10

We use set in C++ STL.

1) Insert all elements into a set.

2) Traverse the set and print k-th element.

`// STL based C++ program to find k-th smallest` `// element.` `#include <bits/stdc++.h>` `using` `namespace` `std;` ` ` `int` `kthSmallest(` `int` `arr[], ` `int` `n, ` `int` `k)` `{` ` ` `// Insert all elements into the set` ` ` `set<` `int` `> s;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)` ` ` `s.insert(arr[i]);` ` ` ` ` `// Traverse set and print k-th element` ` ` `auto` `it = s.begin();` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < k - 1; i++)` ` ` `it++;` ` ` `return` `*it;` `}` ` ` `int` `main()` `{` ` ` `int` `arr[] = { 12, 3, 5, 7, 3, 19 };` ` ` `int` `n = ` `sizeof` `(arr) / ` `sizeof` `(arr[0]), k = 2;` ` ` `cout << ` `"K'th smallest element is "` ` ` `<< kthSmallest(arr, n, k);` ` ` `return` `0;` `}` |

Output:

K'th smallest element is 5

Time complexity of above solution is O(n Log n). Note that set in STL uses a self-balancing BST internally and therefore time complexity of search and insert operations is O(log n).

**Related Posts :**

K’th Smallest/Largest Element in Unsorted Array | Set 1

K’th Smallest/Largest Element in Unsorted Array | Set 2 (Expected Linear Time

K’th Smallest/Largest Element in Unsorted Array | Set 3 (Worst Case Linear Time)

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