After Scanning, information Gathering, and finding a vulnerability comes the main concept of hacking which is Exploitation of the vulnerability. Vulnerability is not that effective if it can not be exploited or it could not cause harm to the application, So in order to get the impact of the vulnerability, we have to exploit also in many cases we have to take down a hacker’s or a spammer’s website. So we have to find a vulnerability on the website and have to exploit it.
Kali Linux comes packed with 300+ tools for cybersecurity and penetration testing out of which many of the tools are used to exploit these vulnerabilities, a few of them are listed below.
Metasploit Framework is basically a penetration testing tool that exploits the website and validates vulnerabilities. This tool contains the basic infrastructure, specific content, and tools necessary for penetration testing and vast security assessment. Metasploit Framework is one of the most famous exploitation frameworks and is updated on a regular basis. It can be accessed in the Kali Whisker Menu, and can also be launched directly from the terminal. Also here, new exploits are updated as soon as they are published.
It contains many tools that are used for creating security workspaces for vulnerability testing and penetration testing systems. It was designed by rapid7 LLC and is completely open-source software and is easy to use.
To use Metasploit:
- Metasploit comes pre-installed with Kali Linux
- Just enter “msfconsole” in the terminal.
BeEF or Browser Exploitation Framework is basically a penetration testing tool that runs and gets executed on the web browser. It also allows professional penetration tester using client-side attack vectors to assess the actual security posture of a target environment. This tool mainly focuses on the Web Browser. It hooks web browsers in order to use them as a base or launchpad to attack the system and to execute the malicious codes and payloads.
To use BeEF, enter the following command in the terminal.
Armitage is a tool that is used to visualize targets, recommends exploits, and to expose exploitation features in the framework.
Armitage is basically a scriptable red team collaboration tool for Metasploit framework or in other words it is a GUI version of the Metasploit framework. It contains many tools that are used for creating security workspaces for vulnerability testing and penetration testing systems. Being a GUI based package, it is a good alternative to Metasploit.
To use Armitage, enter the following command in the terminal.
SQLMap is an open-source tool that is used to automate the process of manual SQL injection over a parameter on a website. It detects and exploits the SQL injection parameters itself all we have to do is to provide it with an appropriate request or URL. It supports 34 databases including MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, etc.
To use sqlmap tool:
- sqlmap comes pre-installed in Kali Linux
- Just type sqlmap in the terminal to use the tool.
Aircrack is an all in one packet sniffer, WEP and WPA/WPA2 cracker, analyzing tool and a hash capturing tool. It is a tool used for wifi hacking. It helps in capturing the package and reading the hashes out of them and even cracking those hashes by various attacks like dictionary attacks. It supports almost all the latest wireless interfaces.
To use aircrack-ng, enter the following command in the terminal:
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