jQuery | Traversing Ancestors

It is used to find ancestors of an element in the DOM tree.

There are different Methods for traversing up the DOM tree :

  • parent(): It is used to return the direct parent element of the given selected element.
  • parents(): It is used to return all ancestor elements of the given selected element upto root element.
  • parentsUntil(): It is used to return all the ancestor elements between two given arguments.

Syntax:

$(document).ready(function(){
  $("span").parent().css({"color": " ", "border": " "});
});

Example-1: Showing parent() method.

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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <style>
        .ancestors * {
            display: block;
            border: 2px solid lightgreen;
            color: green;
            padding: 10px;
            margin: 5px;
        }
    </style>
  
    <script src=
    </script>
    <script>
        $(document).ready(function() {
            $("span").parent().css({
                "color": "green",
                "border": "4px solid black"
            });
        });
    </script>
</head>
  
<body class="ancestors">great-great-grandparent
    <div style="width:500px;">great-grandparent
        <ul>grandparent
            <ul>direct parent
                <span>
                  <h1>
                    <li>
                    <center>
                      GeeksforGeeks
                    </center
                    </li
                 </h1>
              </span>
            </ul>
        </ul>
    </div>
</body>
  
</html>

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Output:



Example-2: Showing parents() method.

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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <style>
        .ancestors * {
            display: block;
            border: 2px solid lightgreen;
            color: green;
            padding: 10px;
            margin: 5px;
        }
    </style>
  
    <script src=
    </script>
    <script>
        $(document).ready(function() {
            $("span").parents().css({
                "color": "green",
                "border": "4px solid black"
            });
        });
    </script>
</head>
  
<body class="ancestors">great-great-grandparent
    <div style="width:500px;">great-grandparent
        <ul>grandparent
            <ul>direct parent
                <li>
                    <span>
                  <h1>
                    <center>
                      GeeksforGeeks
                    </center>
                  </h1>
              </span>
                </li>
            </ul>
        </ul>
    </div>
</body>
  
</html>

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Output:

Example-3: Showing parentsUntil() method.

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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <style>
        .ancestors * {
            display: block;
            border: 2px solid lightgreen;
            color: green;
            padding: 10px;
            margin: 5px;
        }
    </style>
  
    <script src=
    </script>
    <script>
        $(document).ready(function() {
            $("span").parentsUntil().css({
                "color": "green",
                "border": "4px solid black"
            });
        });
    </script>
</head>
  
<body class="ancestors">great-great-grandparent
    <div style="width:500px;">great-grandparent
        <ul>grandparent
            <ul>direct parent
                <li>
                    <span>
                  <h1>
                    <center>
                      GeeksforGeeks
                    </center>
                  </h1>
              </span>
                </li>
            </ul>
        </ul>
    </div>
</body>
  
</html>

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Output:




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