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Javascript Program For Cloning A Linked List With Next And Random Pointer In O(1) Space

  • Last Updated : 06 Jan, 2022

Given a linked list having two pointers in each node. The first one points to the next node of the list, however, the other pointer is random and can point to any node of the list. Write a program that clones the given list in O(1) space, i.e., without any extra space. 
Examples: 
 

Input : Head of the below-linked list

Output :
A new linked list identical to the original list.

In the previous posts Set-1 and Set-2 various methods are discussed, and O(n) space complexity implementation is also available.
In this post, we’ll be implementing an algorithm that’d require no additional space as discussed in Set-1.
Below is the Algorithm: 
 

  • Create the copy of node 1 and insert it between node 1 & node 2 in the original Linked List, create a copy of 2 and insert it between 2 & 3. Continue in this fashion, add the copy of N after the Nth node 
     
  • Now copy the random link in this fashion 
     
 original->next->random= original->random->next;  /*TRAVERSE 
TWO NODES*/
  • This works because original->next is nothing but a copy of the original and Original->random->next is nothing but a copy of the random. 
     
  • Now restore the original and copy linked lists in this fashion in a single loop. 
     
original->next = original->next->next;
     copy->next = copy->next->next;
  • Ensure that original->next is NULL and return the cloned list

 

Below is the implementation. 
 

Javascript




<script>
  
// Javascript program to clone a linked list with next 
// and arbit pointers in O(n) time 
  
  
    // Structure of linked list Node
     class Node {
  
constructor(x) {
            this.data = x;
            this.next = this.random = null;
        }
    }
  
    // Utility function to print the list.
    function print(start) {
var ptr = start;
        while (ptr != null) {
            document.write(
            "Data = "
            ptr.data + ", Random = " 
            + ptr.random.data+"<br/>"
            );
            ptr = ptr.next;
        }
    }
  
    // This function clones a given
    // linked list in O(1) space
    function clone(start) {
var curr = start, temp = null;
  
        // insert additional node after
        // every node of original list
        while (curr != null) {
            temp = curr.next;
  
            // Inserting node
            curr.next = new Node(curr.data);
            curr.next.next = temp;
            curr = temp;
        }
        curr = start;
  
        // adjust the random pointers of the
        // newly added nodes
        while (curr != null) {
            if (curr.next != null)
                curr.next.random = (curr.random != null) ? 
                curr.random.next : curr.random;
  
            // move to the next newly added node by
            // skipping an original node
            curr = (curr.next != null) ? 
            curr.next.next : curr.next;
        }
  
var original = start, copy = start.next;
  
        // save the start of copied linked list
        temp = copy;
  
        // now separate the original list and copied list
        while (original != null && copy != null) {
            original.next = (original.next != null) ? 
            original.next.next : original.next;
  
            copy.next = (copy.next != null) ?
            copy.next.next : copy.next;
            original = original.next;
            copy = copy.next;
        }
        return temp;
    }
  
    // Driver code
      
var start = new Node(1);
        start.next = new Node(2);
        start.next.next = new Node(3);
        start.next.next.next = new Node(4);
        start.next.next.next.next = new Node(5);
  
        // 1's random points to 3
        start.random = start.next.next;
  
        // 2's random points to 1
        start.next.random = start;
  
        // 3's and 4's random points to 5
        start.next.next.random = 
        start.next.next.next.next;
        start.next.next.next.random = 
        start.next.next.next.next;
  
        // 5's random points to 2
        start.next.next.next.next.random = 
        start.next;
  
        document.write("Original list : <br/>");
        print(start);
        document.write("<br>");
        document.write("Cloned list : <br/>");
        var cloned_list = clone(start);
        print(cloned_list);
  
  
// This code contributed by aashish1995
  
</script>
Output
Original list : 
Data = 1, Random  = 3
Data = 2, Random  = 1
Data = 3, Random  = 5
Data = 4, Random  = 5
Data = 5, Random  = 2

Cloned list : 
Data = 1, Random  = 3
Data = 2, Random  = 1
Data = 3, Random  = 5
Data = 4, Random  = 5
Data = 5, Random  = 2

Please refer complete article on Clone a linked list with next and random pointer in O(1) space for more details!


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