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JavaScript | Object Methods

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  • Last Updated : 04 Aug, 2021
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Object Methods in JavaScript can be accessed by using functions. Functions in JavaScript are stored as property values. The objects can also be called without using bracket (). 
 

  • In a method, ‘this’ refers to the owner object.
  • Additional information can also be added along with the object method.

Syntax: 
 

objectName.methodName()

Properties: A function may be divided into different property values, which are then combined and returned together. 
For Ex: Student function contains the properties: 
 

  • name
  • class
  • section

Return Value: It returns methods/functions stored as object properties.
Example 1: This example use function definition as property value. 
 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>
        JavaScript Object Methods
    </title>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1>Geeks</h1>
     
    <h3>JavaScript Object Method</h3>
     
     
<p>
        studentDetail is a function definition,
        it is stored as a property value.
    </p>
 
     
    <p id="gfg"></p>
 
     
    <script>
     
        // Object creation
        var student = {
            name: "Martin",
            class : "12th",
            section : "A",
             
            studentDetails : function() {
                return this.name + " " + this.class
                    + " " + this.section + " ";
            }
        };
         
        // Display object data
        document.getElementById("gfg").innerHTML
                = student.studentDetails();
    </script>
</body>
 
</html>                               

Output: 
 

Example 2: This example use storing property values and accessing without bracket (). 
 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>
        JavaScript Object Methods
    </title>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1>Geeks</h1>
     
    <h3>JavaScript Object Method</h3>
     
     
<p>
        studentDetail is a function definition,
        it is stored as a property value.
    </p>
 
     
     
<p>
        Function definition is returned
        if we don't use ().
    </p>
 
    <p id="gfg"></p>
 
     
    <script>
     
        // Object creation
        var student = {
            name: "Martin",
            class : "12th",
            section : "A",
             
            studentDetails : function() {
                return this.name + " " + this.class
                    + " " + this.section + " ";
            }
        };
         
        // Display object data
        document.getElementById("gfg").innerHTML
                = student.studentDetails;
    </script>
</body>
 
</html>                               

Output: 
 

Example 3: Using function definition as property value and accessing with additional details. 
 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>
        JavaScript Object Methods
    </title>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1>Geeks</h1>
     
    <h3>JavaScript Object Method</h3>
     
     
<p>
        studentDetail is a function definition,
        it is stored as a property value.
    </p>
 
     
    <p id="gfg"></p>
 
     
    <script>
     
        // Object creation
        var student = {
        name: "Martin",
        class : "12th",
        section : "A",
         
        studentDetails : function() {
            return this.name + " " + this.class
                + " " + this.section + " ";
        }
    };
     
    // Display object data
    document.getElementById("gfg").innerHTML
        = "STUDENT " + student.studentDetails();
    </script>
</body>
 
</html>                                   

Output: 
 

Supported Browser:

  • Google Chrome
  • Microsoft Edge
  • Firefox
  • safari
     

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