Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article

JavaScript localStorage

  • Last Updated : 02 Nov, 2021

JavaScript is one of the world’s most popular lightweight, interpreted compiled programming languages. It is synchronous and single-threaded.  In JavaScript, the programs are called scripts.  These scripts are executed as plain text. We can write them directly on our HTML page or use an external Javascript file. JavaScript can execute in the browser, and also on the server, or actually on any device that has a special program called the JavaScriptengine. JavaScript is used for both client-side and server-side developments.

HTML DOM Window localStorage is provided by Browser and it allows us to store data as key-value pairs in our web browser using an object. The localStorage is the read-only property of the window interface.

Data is stored as key-value pair and the keys are unique. The keys and the values are always in the UTF-16 DOM String format that is stored within localStorage.

The main features of localStorage are:

  1. The storage is the origin(domain) bounded.
  2. The data will not get deleted even if the browser is closed or even OS reboot and will be available until we manually clear the Local Storage of our Browser.

 

Syntax: 

ourStorage = window.localStorage;

The above will return a storage object which can be used to access the current origin’s local storage space.

Properties and methods provided by the localStorage object:

  • setItem( key , value ): stores key/value pair
  • getItem( key ): returns the value in front of key
  • key( index ): get the key on a given index
  • length: returns the number of stored items(data)
  • removeItem( key ): removes given key with its value
  • clear(): deletes everything from the storage

Example:  The following snippet accesses the current domain’s localStorage object.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" 
        content="IE=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content=
        "width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>JavaScript localStorage</title>
  
    <style>
        div {
            width: 300px;
            height: 200px;
            padding: 20px;
            border: 2px solid black;
            background-color: green;
            color: white;
            margin: auto;
            text-align: center;
            font-size: 1.5rem;
        }
          
        .box {
            box-sizing: border-box;
        }
    </style>
</head>
  
<body>
  
    <div class="box">GeeksforGeeks</div>
  
    <script>
  
        // Saving data as key/value pair
        localStorage.setItem("name", "GeeksforGeeks");
        localStorage.setItem("color", "green");
  
        // Updating data
        localStorage.setItem("name", "GeeksforGeeks(GfG)");
        localStorage.setItem("color", "Blue");
  
        // Get the data by key
        let name = localStorage.getItem("name");
        console.log("This is - ", name);
        let color = localStorage.getItem("color");
        console.log("Value of color is - ", color);
  
        // Get key on a given position
        let key1 = localStorage.key(1);
        console.log(key1);
  
        // Get number of stored items
        let items = localStorage.length;
        console.log("Total number of items is ", items);
  
        // Remove key with its value
        localStorage.removeItem("color");
  
        // Delete everything
        localStorage.clear();
    </script>
</body>
  
</html>

Output: 

Note: To view the data in the browser’s Local Storage, do the following.

  1. Open your code in the browser.
  2. Right-Click And Click on Inspect.
  3. Then go to the Applications tab on the toolbar.
  • Saving data as key/value pair

  • Updating data 

  • Get data, index of a key, and number of stored items

  • Remove a key with its value

  • Delete everything in storage


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!