Java Program to Sort 2D Array Across Left Diagonal

• Last Updated : 10 Oct, 2021

The Vector class implements a growable array of objects. Vectors basically fall in legacy classes but now it is fully compatible with collections. It is found in java.util package and implements the List interface, so we can use all the methods of List interface here. This program is used to Sort the 2D array Across Left Diagonal. We will use the concept of vector to sort Left Diagonal prior to which refer to below illustration as follows.

Illustration: Creating a Vector

Vector(): Creates a default vector of the initial capacity is 10.

Vector<E> v = new Vector<E>();

Algorithm:

• Traverse Diagonal element one by one. Condition is  (i==j) or ( arr[i][i])
• Add elements of Diagonal in vector v.
• Sort the vector.
• Push back the sorted elements from vector to Diagonal.

Now let us discuss functions that will be used in the above approach prior to landing upon the implementation part.

A. removeAll(): The java.util.vector.removeAll(Collection col) method is used to remove all the elements from the vector, present in the collection specified.

Syntax:

Vector.removeAll(Vector);

B. Collections.sort(): This method is used to sort the vector.

Syntax:

Collections.sort(Vector) ;

Syntax:

D. get(): This method will get an element of Vector stored at a particular index.

Syntax:

Vector.get(3);

Example:

Java

 // Java Program to Sort 2D Array Across Left Diagonal // Importing required classesimport java.io.*;import java.lang.*;import java.util.*; // Main classclass GFG {     // Main driver method    public static void main(String[] args)        throws java.lang.Exception    {         // Custom input 2D array        int[][] arr            = { { 5, 2, 0, 7, 1 }, { 3, 4, 2, 9, 14 },                { 5, 1, 3, 5, 2 }, { 4, 2, 6, 2, 1 },                { 0, 6, 3, 5, 1 }, { 1, 4, 7, 2, 8 } };         // Display message        System.out.println("Matrix without sorting \n");         // Nested for loops to display 2D matrix        for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {            for (int j = 0; j < 5; j++) {                 // Printing elements                System.out.print(arr[i][j] + " ");            }             // By now we are done with one row so            // new line is needed            System.out.println();        }         // Creating an object of Vector class        Vector v = new Vector<>();         // Adding elements of diagonal in vector        // using add() method        for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {            v.add(arr[i][i]);        }         // Sorting elements in vector        // using Collections.sort() method        Collections.sort(v);         // Sorted elements are pushed back from vector to        // row using get() method        for (int j = 0; j < 5; j++) {            arr[j][j] = v.get(j);        }         // Display message        System.out.println("Matrix after sorting \n");         // Nested for loops to display 2D matrix        for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {            for (int j = 0; j < 5; j++) {                System.out.print(arr[i][j] + " ");            }            System.out.println();        }    }}

Output
Matrix without sorting

5 2 0 7 1
3 4 2 9 14
5 1 3 5 2
4 2 6 2 1
0 6 3 5 1
Matrix after sorting

1 2 0 7 1
3 2 2 9 14
5 1 3 5 2
4 2 6 4 1
0 6 3 5 5

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