Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Java Program to Rotate bits of a number

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article
  • Last Updated : 11 Dec, 2021

Bit Rotation: A rotation (or circular shift) is an operation similar to shift except that the bits that fall off at one end are put back to the other end. 
In left rotation, the bits that fall off at left end are put back at right end. 
In right rotation, the bits that fall off at right end are put back at left end.
 

Example: 
Let n is stored using 8 bits. Left rotation of n = 11100101 by 3 makes n = 00101111 (Left shifted by 3 and first 3 bits are put back in last ). If n is stored using 16 bits or 32 bits then left rotation of n (000…11100101) becomes 00..0011100101000. 
Right rotation of n = 11100101 by 3 makes n = 10111100 (Right shifted by 3 and last 3 bits are put back in first ) if n is stored using 8 bits. If n is stored using 16 bits or 32 bits then right rotation of n (000…11100101) by 3 becomes 101000..0011100
 

Java




// Java code to rotate bits 
// of number
class GFG 
{
static final int INT_BITS = 32;
  
/*Function to left rotate n by d bits*/
static int leftRotate(int n, int d) {
      
    /* In n<<d, last d bits are 0. 
       To put first 3 bits of n at
       last, do bitwise or of n<<d with
       n >>(INT_BITS - d) */
    return (n << d) | (n >> (INT_BITS - d));
}
  
/*Function to right rotate n by d bits*/
static int rightRotate(int n, int d) {
      
    /* In n>>d, first d bits are 0. 
       To put last 3 bits of at
       first, do bitwise or of n>>d 
       with n <<(INT_BITS - d) */
    return (n >> d) | (n << (INT_BITS - d));
}
  
// Driver code
public static void main(String arg[]) 
{
    int n = 16;
    int d = 2;
    System.out.print("Left Rotation of " + n +
                          " by " + d + " is ");
    System.out.print(leftRotate(n, d));
      
    System.out.print("
Right Rotation of " + n +
                             " by " + d + " is ");
    System.out.print(rightRotate(n, d));
}
}
  
// This code is contributed by Anant Agarwal.

Output : 

Left Rotation of 16 by 2 is 64
Right Rotation of 16 by 2 is 4

For 16 bit number:

Java




/*package whatever //do not write package name here */
  
import java.io.*;
  
class GFG {
    public static void main (String[] args) {
        int N=28;
        int D=2;
        rotate(N,D);
    }
  
static void rotate(int N, int D)
    {
        // your code here
        int t=16;
        int left= ((N<<D) | N>>(t-D)) & 0xFFFF;
        int right=((N>>D) | N<<(t-D)) & 0xFFFF;
        System.out.println(left);
        System.out.println(right);
    }
  
}


Output:

Left Rotation of 28 by 2 is 112
Right Rotation of 28 by 2 is 7

Time Complexity : O(1)

Space Complexity : O(1)

Please refer complete article on Rotate bits of a number for more details!


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!