Java Program to Interchange Any Two Columns in the Matrix

• Last Updated : 07 Dec, 2021

Given a matrix having m rows and n columns. We have to write a Java program to interchange any two Columns(ie column no K and L given in the input) in the given matrix. Swap Operation is required to interchange the elements of two columns. O(1) operation to swap two columns is impossible because complete traversal between two columns is required.

Examples

```Input 1: K = 1, L = 2,
mat[][] = {{2, 1, 4},
{1, 2, 3},
{3, 6, 2}}

Output: mat[][] = {{1,2, 4},
{2,1, 3},
{6,3, 2}}

Input 2: K = 1, L = 1,
mat[][] = {{2, 1, 4},
{1, 2, 3}}

Output: mat[][] = {{2, 1, 4},
{1, 2, 3}}

Input 3: K = 1, L = 3,
mat[][] = {{2, 1,8},
{1, 2,9},
{3, 6,5}}

Output:    {{8, 1,2},
{9, 2,1},
{5, 6,3}}                        ```

Approach

• If K and L ie column number that we have to interchange are the same, then print the matrix as it is.
• Else Loop over the Kth and Lth column of the matrix.
• Swap the elements of ith the index of both the columns while doing traversal.
• Now after the loop gets over, print the matrix.

Below is the code implementation for the above approach:

Java

 `// Java program to interchange``// two Column in a Matrix``import` `java.io.*;``class` `GFG {` `    ``public` `static` `void` `printMatrix(``int``[][] matrix)``    ``{``        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < matrix.length; i++) {``            ``for` `(``int` `j = ``0``; j < matrix[``0``].length; j++)``                ``System.out.print(matrix[i][j] + ``" "``);``            ``System.out.println();``        ``}``    ``}``    ``public` `static` `void` `exchangeAnyTwoColumns(``int``[][] matrix,``                                             ``int` `K, ``int` `L)``    ``{``        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < matrix.length; i++) {` `            ``// Swap two numbers``            ``int` `temp = matrix[i][K - ``1``];``            ``matrix[i][K - ``1``] = matrix[i][L - ``1``];``            ``matrix[i][L - ``1``] = temp;``        ``}` `        ``// Print matrix``        ``printMatrix(matrix);``    ``}` `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``    ``{``        ``int` `K = ``1``, L = ``2``;``        ``int` `mat[][]``            ``= { { ``2``, ``1``, ``4` `}, { ``1``, ``2``, ``3` `}, { ``3``, ``6``, ``2` `} };` `        ``// calling the exchange Column function``        ``exchangeAnyTwoColumns(mat, K, L);``    ``}``}`

Output

```1 2 4
2 1 3
6 3 2 ```

Time Complexity: 0(n), Where n is the length of the Column.

Space Complexity: 0(1)

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