Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article

Java Program to Implement HashTables with Linear Probing

  • Last Updated : 17 Jun, 2021

Hashing is a technique that is used to uniquely identify a specific object from a group of similar objects. Suppose an object is to be assigned a key to it to make searching easy. To store the key/value pair, one can use a simple array like a data structure where keys (integers) can be used directly as an index to store values. However, in cases where the keys are large and cannot be used directly as an index, one should use hashing. In hashing, large keys are converted into small keys by using hash functions. The values are then stored in a data structure called hash table. Linear Probing, It may happen that the hashing technique is used to create an already used index of the array. In such a case, we can search for the next empty location in the array by looking into the next cell until we find an empty cell. This technique is called linear probing. 

There are three basic operations linked with linear probing which are as follows:

  • Search
  • Insert
  • Delete

Implementation: Hash tables with linear probing by making a helper class and testing this in the main class.

Example

Java






// Java Program to Implement Hash Tables with Linear Probing
 
// Importing all classes from
// java.util package
// Importing all input output classes
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
// Importing Scanner class as in do-while
// inputs are entered at run-time when
// menu is popped to user to perform desired action
import java.util.Scanner;
 
// Helper class - LinearProbingHashTable
class LinearProbingHashTable {
    // Member variables of this class
    private int currentSize, maxSize;
    private String[] keys;
    private String[] vals;
 
    // Constructor of this class
    public LinearProbingHashTable(int capacity)
    {
        currentSize = 0;
        maxSize = capacity;
        keys = new String[maxSize];
        vals = new String[maxSize];
    }
 
    // Method 1
    // Function to clear hash table
    public void makeEmpty()
    {
        currentSize = 0;
        keys = new String[maxSize];
        vals = new String[maxSize];
    }
 
    // Method 2
    // Function to get size of hash table
    public int getSize() { return currentSize; }
 
    // Method 3
    // Function to check if hash table is full
    public boolean isFull()
    {
        return currentSize == maxSize;
    }
 
    // Method 4
    // Function to check if hash table is empty
    public boolean isEmpty() { return getSize() == 0; }
 
    // Method 5
    // Function to check if hash table contains a key
    public boolean contains(String key)
    {
        return get(key) != null;
    }
 
    // Method 6
    // Function to get hash code of a given key
    private int hash(String key)
    {
        return key.hashCode() % maxSize;
    }
 
    // Method 7
    // Function to insert key-value pair
    public void insert(String key, String val)
    {
        int tmp = hash(key);
        int i = tmp;
 
        // Do-while loop
        // Do part for performing actions
        do {
            if (keys[i] == null) {
                keys[i] = key;
                vals[i] = val;
                currentSize++;
                return;
            }
 
            if (keys[i].equals(key)) {
                vals[i] = val;
                return;
            }
 
            i = (i + 1) % maxSize;
 
        }
 
        // Do-while loop
        // while part for condition check
        while (i != tmp);
    }
 
    // Method 8
    // Function to get value for a given key
    public String get(String key)
    {
        int i = hash(key);
        while (keys[i] != null) {
            if (keys[i].equals(key))
                return vals[i];
            i = (i + 1) % maxSize;
        }
        return null;
    }
 
    // Method 9
    // Function to remove key and its value
    public void remove(String key)
    {
        if (!contains(key))
            return;
 
        // Find position key and delete
        int i = hash(key);
        while (!key.equals(keys[i]))
            i = (i + 1) % maxSize;
        keys[i] = vals[i] = null;
 
        // rehash all keys
        for (i = (i + 1) % maxSize; keys[i] != null;
             i = (i + 1) % maxSize) {
            String tmp1 = keys[i], tmp2 = vals[i];
            keys[i] = vals[i] = null;
            currentSize--;
            insert(tmp1, tmp2);
        }
        currentSize--;
    }
 
    // Method 10
    // Function to print HashTable
    public void printHashTable()
    {
        System.out.println("\nHash Table: ");
        for (int i = 0; i < maxSize; i++)
            if (keys[i] != null)
                System.out.println(keys[i] + " " + vals[i]);
        System.out.println();
    }
}
 
// Main testing class
// Main Class for LinearProbingHashTableTest
public class GFG {
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creating a scanner object
        // to take input from user
        Scanner scan = new Scanner(System.in);
 
        // Display messages
        System.out.println("Hash Table Test\n\n");
        System.out.println("Enter size");
 
        // maxSizeake object of LinearProbingHashTable
        LinearProbingHashTable lpht
            = new LinearProbingHashTable(scan.nextInt());
 
        char ch;
 
        // Do-while loop
        // Do part for performing actions
        do
        // Menu is displayed
        // LinearProbingHashTable operations performed as
        // per keys Users enter 'y' to continue 'n' if
        // entered by user , the program terminates
 
        {
            // Menu
            // Display messages
            System.out.println("\nHash Table Operations\n");
            System.out.println("1. insert ");
            System.out.println("2. remove");
            System.out.println("3. get");
            System.out.println("4. clear");
            System.out.println("5. size");
 
            // Reading integer using nextInt()
            int choice = scan.nextInt();
 
            // Switch case
            switch (choice) {
 
            // Case 1
            case 1:
 
                // Display message
                System.out.println("Enter key and value");
                lpht.insert(scan.next(), scan.next());
                // Break statement to terminate a case
                break;
 
            // Case 2
            case 2:
 
                // Display message
                System.out.println("Enter key");
                lpht.remove(scan.next());
                // Break statement to terminate a case
                break;
 
            // Case 3
            case 3:
 
                // Print statements
                System.out.println("Enter key");
                System.out.println("Value = "
                                   + lpht.get(scan.next()));
                // Break statement to terminate a case
                break;
 
            // Case 4
            case 4:
 
                lpht.makeEmpty();
                // Print statement
                System.out.println("Hash Table Cleared\n");
                // Break statement to terminate a case
                break;
 
            // Case 5
            case 5:
 
                // Print statement
                System.out.println("Size = "
                                   + lpht.getSize());
                break;
 
            // Default case
            // Executed when mentioned switch cases are not
            // matched
            default:
                // Print statement
                System.out.println("Wrong Entry \n ");
                // Break statement
                break;
            }
 
            // Display hash table
            lpht.printHashTable();
 
            // Display message asking the user whether
            // he/she wants to continue
            System.out.println(
                "\nDo you want to continue (Type y or n) \n");
 
            // Reading character using charAt() method to
            // fetch
            ch = scan.next().charAt(0);
        } while (ch == 'Y' || ch == 'y');
    }
}

 
 

Output: 

 

Random action performed over Hash Table 

  • Size is entered as : 5
  • Two key-value pairs are inserted
    • G 121
    • F 212
  • Later Hash table is cleared

 

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important Java Foundation and Collections concepts with the Fundamentals of Java and Java Collections Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready. To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :