Java Program to Get the File Extension
The extension of a file is the last part of its name after the period (.). For example, the Java source file extension is “java”, and you will notice that the file name always ends with “.java”. Getting the file extension in Java is done using the File class of Java, i.e., probeContentType() method. The File class is Java’s representation of a file or directory pathname. The File class contains several processes for working with the pathname, deleting and renaming files, creating new directories, listing the directory contents, and determining several common attributes of files and directories.
The probeContentType() is a method that comes predefined in the Java File class. The parameter to this method is passed the path of the file.
Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important Java Foundation and Collections concepts with the Fundamentals of Java and Java Collections Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready. To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more, please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.
- Parameters: A path of the file.
- Return value: It returns a string(extension).
Syntax: In Java, we can get the filename by –
File file = new File("/home/mayur/GFG.java"); String fileName = file.getName(); fileType = Files.probeContentType(f.toPath());
Below is the implementation of the problem statement:
In the above example,
- file.getName() – Returns the file’s name and store it in a String variable.
- fileName.lastIndexOf(‘.’) – Returns the last occurrence of character. Since all file extension starts with ‘.’, we use the character ‘.’.
- fileName.substring() – Returns the string after character ‘.’.