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Java Program to Extract Last two Digits of a Given Year
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 02 Nov, 2020

As the name suggests where there is an execution to be operated required to deal with digits of the number, the modulo operator plays a vital role. Here the goal is to extract the last digits of a number. So making the problem easier to think about what if the goal is to extract the last digit from a number. Here in this case number is representing the year. The mathematical concept involved in extracting the last is to divide the given number by such a number that the remainder should be the same as that of the last digit. In order to extract the last digit that number with which the given number has to be divided must be 10.

Modulo is represented by ‘%’ and is used to get the remainder

Example: Extracting Last One Digit From A Number 

Random Number = 1997
Last Digit       = 7
Goal: 1997 % (x) = 7            // Goal is Divide 1997 by x such that remainder is 7
         if x = 10           // 1997 % 10 = 7 that is the last digit    

Now, in order to extract the last two digits, we will be treating the number with the same approach just the given number will be modulo by 100 as per the mathematics unit standard.

Example: Extracting the Last Two-Digit From A Number 



Input  : year = 2020
Output : 20

Input  : year = 1983
Output : 83

Input  : year = 2000
Output : 00

We can implement this using 2 different methods:

A. Using Modulo Arithmetic Operator: We can use the modulo operator (%) to extract the last two digits by taking the modulo of the year by 100.

Internal Working Of Mathematics Unit System

Let us consider 1983, we can write it as 
1983 = 1*1000 + 9*100 + 8*10 + 3
So when we take modulo by 100, we will just have the last two digits as remainder.
1983 % 100 = 1*1000 % 100 + 9*100 % 100 + 8*10 % 100 + 3 % 100 = 0 + 0 + 8*10 + 3 = 83

The implementation of the above approach is described below

Java

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// Java code to extract last two digits of a year
  
// Importing Classes/Files
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG {
  
    // Main Driver Code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Initializing year as String
        int year = 1983;
  
        // Printing last two digits of a number
        // by modulo with 100
        System.out.print(year % 100);
    }
}

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Output

83

B. Using String substring() method: This method returns a new string that is a substring of the given string. Thus, to extract the last two digits we need to get the substring after index 2.

Java

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// Java code to extract last two digits of a year
public class GFG {
  
    // Function to extract last to digits of a year
    static int extractLastTwo(String year)
    {
        // using substring() to extract the last two digit
        // as substring
        String lastTwoDigits = year.substring(2);
  
        return Integer.parseInt(
            lastTwoDigits); // Returning last two digits as
                            // an integer
    }
  
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Initializing year as String
        String year = "1983";
  
        System.out.print(extractLastTwo(year));
    }
}

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Output

83

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