Java program to convert Currency using AWT

Swing is a part of the JFC (Java Foundation Classes). Building Graphical User Interface in Java requires the use of Swings. Swing Framework contains a large set of components which allow a high level of customization and provide rich functionalities, and is used to create window-based applications. Java swing components are lightweight, platform-independent, provide powerful components like tables, scroll panels, buttons, list, colour chooser, etc.

In this article, we’ll see how to make a currency converter which includes conversion between INR and Dollar. Two text fields are implemented with the labels Rupees and Dollar.

Note: It is assumed that 1 dollar is equal to 65.25 rupees.

Examples:

Input: INR = 130.5
Output: 2.0
Explanation:
One dollar is 65.25 rupees. So, 130.5 rupees is two dollars.



Input: Dollar = 4.5
Output: 293.625

Approach: To solve this problem, the following steps are followed:

  1. First, we need to create a frame using JFrame.
  2. Then, create two labels, two textfields and three buttons(the first button for rupees and the second button is for the dollar) using JLabel, JTextField and JButton.
  3. Name these components accordingly and set their bounds.
  4. Now, in order to perform the conversion on button click, we need to add Event Handlers. In this case, we will add ActionListener to perform an action method known as actionPerformed in which first we need to get the values from the text fields which is default as a “string”.
  5. So, in order to perform mathematical operations, we need to convert them into double data type using Double.parseDouble(Object.getText()) and again converting from double to string to place the final value in the other text field using String.valueOf(object).
  6. Finally, for changing the values, we use Object.setText(object), the second object is for selecting which field we want to replace.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

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// Java program to convert from
// rupee to the dollar and vice-versa
// using Java Swing
  
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
public class GFG {
  
    // Function to convert from rupee
    // to the dollar and vice-versa
    // using Java Swing
    public static void converter()
    {
  
        // Creating a new frame using JFrame
        JFrame f = new JFrame("CONVERTER");
  
        // Creating two labels
        JLabel l1, l2;
  
        // Creating two text fields.
        // One for rupee and one for
        // the dollar
        JTextField t1, t2;
  
        // Creating three buttons
        JButton b1, b2, b3;
  
        // Naming the labels and setting
        // the bounds for the labels
        l1 = new JLabel("Rupees:");
        l1.setBounds(20, 40, 60, 30);
        l2 = new JLabel("Dollars:");
        l2.setBounds(170, 40, 60, 30);
  
        // Initializing the text fields with
        // 0 by default and setting the
        // bounds for the text fields
        t1 = new JTextField("0");
        t1.setBounds(80, 40, 50, 30);
        t2 = new JTextField("0");
        t2.setBounds(240, 40, 50, 30);
  
        // Creating a button for INR,
        // one button for the dollar
        // and one button to close
        // and setting the bounds
        b1 = new JButton("INR");
        b1.setBounds(50, 80, 60, 15);
        b2 = new JButton("Dollar");
        b2.setBounds(190, 80, 60, 15);
        b3 = new JButton("close");
        b3.setBounds(150, 150, 60, 30);
  
        // Adding action listener
        b1.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e)
            {
                // Converting to double
                double d
                    = Double.parseDouble(t1.getText());
  
                // Converting rupees to dollars
                double d1 = (d / 65.25);
  
                // Getting the string value of the
                // calculated value
                String str1 = String.valueOf(d1);
  
                // Placing it in the text box
                t2.setText(str1);
            }
        });
  
        // Adding action listener
        b2.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e)
            {
                // Converting to double
                double d2
                    = Double.parseDouble(t2.getText());
  
                // converting Dollars to rupees
                double d3 = (d2 * 65.25);
  
                // Getting the string value of the
                // calculated value
                String str2 = String.valueOf(d3);
  
                // Placing it in the text box
                t1.setText(str2);
            }
        });
  
        // Action listener to close the form
        b3.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e)
            {
                f.dispose();
            }
        });
  
        // Default method for closing the frame
        f.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
            public void windowClosing(WindowEvent e)
            {
                System.exit(0);
            }
        });
  
        // Adding the created objects
        // to the form
        f.add(l1);
        f.add(t1);
        f.add(l2);
        f.add(t2);
        f.add(b1);
        f.add(b2);
        f.add(b3);
  
        f.setLayout(null);
        f.setSize(400, 300);
        f.setVisible(true);
    }
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        converter();
    }
}

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Output:

  1. The window displayed on running the program:

  2. Converting from INR to the Dollar, i.e., when INR button is clicked:

  3. Converting from the Dollar to INR, i.e., when the dollar button is clicked:

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