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Java Program For Writing A Function To Get Nth Node In A Linked List

  • Last Updated : 07 Dec, 2021

Write a GetNth() function that takes a linked list and an integer index and returns the data value stored in the node at that index position. 

Example: 

Input:  1->10->30->14,  index = 2
Output: 30  
The node at index 2 is 30

Algorithm: 

1. Initialize count = 0
2. Loop through the link list
     a. If count is equal to the passed index then return current
         node
     b. Increment count
     c. change current to point to next of the current.

Implementation: 

Java




// Java program to find n'th node 
// in linked list
class Node
{
    int data;
    Node next;
    Node(int d)
    {
        data = d;
        next = null;
    }
}
  
class LinkedList 
{
    // Head of list
    Node head; 
  
    // Takes index as argument and 
    // return data at index
    public int GetNth(int index)
    {
        Node current = head;
  
        // Index of Node we are
        // currently looking at
        int count = 0
        while (current != null)
        {
            if (count == index)
                return current.data;
            count++;
            current = current.next;
        }
  
        /* If we get to this line, the caller 
           was asking for a non-existent element 
           so we assert fail */
        assert (false);
        return 0;
    }
  
    /* Given a reference to the head of a list 
       and an int, inserts a new Node on the 
       front of the list. */
    public void push(int new_data)
    {
        // 1. Alloc the Node and put data
        Node new_Node = new Node(new_data);
  
        // 2. Make next of new Node as head 
        new_Node.next = head;
  
        // 3. Move the head to point to new Node
        head = new_Node;
    }
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Start with empty list
        LinkedList llist = new LinkedList();
  
        // Use push() to construct list
        // 1->12->1->4->1 
        llist.push(1);
        llist.push(4);
        llist.push(1);
        llist.push(12);
        llist.push(1);
  
        // Check the count function 
        System.out.println("Element at index 3 is "
                            llist.GetNth(3));
    }
}

Output:

Element at index 3 is 4

Time Complexity: O(n)

Method 2- With Recursion: 
This method is contributed by MY_DOOM

Algorithm:  

getnth(node,n)
1. Initialize count = 0
2. if count==n
     return node->data
3. else
    return getnth(node->next,n-1)

Implementation: 

Java




// Java program to find n'th node 
// in linked list using recursion
class GFG 
{
    // Link list node 
    static class Node 
    {
        int data;
        Node next;
        Node(int data) 
        
           this.data = data; 
        }
    }
  
    /* Given a reference (pointer to pointer) 
       to the head of a list and an int, push 
       a new node on the front of the list. */
    static Node push(Node head, int new_data)
    {
        // Allocate node 
        Node new_node = new Node(new_data);
  
        // Put in the data 
        new_node.data = new_data;
  
        new_node.next = head;
        head = new_node;
        return head;
    }
  
    /* Takes head pointer of the linked list 
       and index as arguments and return data 
       at index*/
    static int GetNth(Node head, int n)
    {
        int count = 0;
  
        // Edge case - if head is null
        if (head == null
            return -1;
  
        // If count equal too n return 
        // node.data
        if (count == n)
            return head.data;
  
        // Recursively decrease n and 
        // increase head to next pointer
        return GetNth(head.next, n - 1);
    }
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Start with the empty list
        Node head = null;
  
        // Use push() to construct list
        // 1.12.1.4.1 
        head = push(head, 1);
        head = push(head, 4);
        head = push(head, 1);
        head = push(head, 12);
        head = push(head, 1);
  
        // Check the count function 
        System.out.printf("Element at index 3 is %d",
                           GetNth(head, 3));
    }
}
// This code is contributed by Arnab Kundu

Output:

Element at index 3 is 4

Time Complexity: O(n) 

Please refer complete article on Write a function to get Nth node in a Linked List for more details!


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