Java Program for Radix Sort

The Radix Sort Algorithm
1) Do following for each digit i where i varies from least significant digit to the most significant digit.
………….a) Sort input array using counting sort (or any stable sort) according to the i\’th digit.

Java

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// Radix sort Java implementation
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
  
class Radix {
  
    // A utility function to get maximum value in arr[]
    static int getMax(int arr[], int n)
    {
        int mx = arr[0];
        for (int i = 1; i < n; i++)
            if (arr[i] > mx)
                mx = arr[i];
        return mx;
    }
  
    // A function to do counting sort of arr[] according to
    // the digit represented by exp.
    static void countSort(int arr[], int n, int exp)
    {
        int output[] = new int[n]; // output array
        int i;
        int count[] = new int[10];
        Arrays.fill(count,0);
  
        // Store count of occurrences in count[]
        for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
            count[ (arr[i]/exp)%10 ]++;
  
        // Change count[i] so that count[i] now contains
        // actual position of this digit in output[]
        for (i = 1; i < 10; i++)
            count[i] += count[i - 1];
  
        // Build the output array
        for (i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--)
        {
            output[count[ (arr[i]/exp)%10 ] - 1] = arr[i];
            count[ (arr[i]/exp)%10 ]--;
        }
  
        // Copy the output array to arr[], so that arr[] now
        // contains sorted numbers according to current digit
        for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
            arr[i] = output[i];
    }
  
    // The main function to that sorts arr[] of size n using
    // Radix Sort
    static void radixsort(int arr[], int n)
    {
        // Find the maximum number to know number of digits
        int m = getMax(arr, n);
  
        // Do counting sort for every digit. Note that instead
        // of passing digit number, exp is passed. exp is 10^i
        // where i is current digit number
        for (int exp = 1; m/exp > 0; exp *= 10)
            countSort(arr, n, exp);
    }
  
    // A utility function to print an array
    static void print(int arr[], int n)
    {
        for (int i=0; i<n; i++)
            System.out.print(arr[i]+" ");
    }
  
  
    /*Driver function to check for above function*/
    public static void main (String[] args)
    {
        int arr[] = {170, 45, 75, 90, 802, 24, 2, 66};
        int n = arr.length;
        radixsort(arr, n);
        print(arr, n);
    }
}
/* This code is contributed by Devesh Agrawal */

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Please refer complete article on Radix Sort for more details!



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