Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article

Java Program For Merging Two Sorted Linked Lists Such That Merged List Is In Reverse Order

  • Last Updated : 22 Mar, 2022

Given two linked lists sorted in increasing order. Merge them such a way that the result list is in decreasing order (reverse order).

Examples: 

Input:  a: 5->10->15->40
        b: 2->3->20 
Output: res: 40->20->15->10->5->3->2

Input:  a: NULL
        b: 2->3->20 
Output: res: 20->3->2

A Simple Solution is to do following. 
1) Reverse first list ‘a’
2) Reverse second list ‘b’
3) Merge two reversed lists.
Another Simple Solution is first Merge both lists, then reverse the merged list.
Both of the above solutions require two traversals of linked list. 

How to solve without reverse, O(1) auxiliary space (in-place) and only one traversal of both lists? 
The idea is to follow merge style process. Initialize result list as empty. Traverse both lists from beginning to end. Compare current nodes of both lists and insert smaller of two at the beginning of the result list. 

1) Initialize result list as empty: res = NULL.
2) Let 'a' and 'b' be heads first and second lists respectively.
3) While (a != NULL and b != NULL)
    a) Find the smaller of two (Current 'a' and 'b')
    b) Insert the smaller value node at the front of result.
    c) Move ahead in the list of smaller node. 
4) If 'b' becomes NULL before 'a', insert all nodes of 'a' 
   into result list at the beginning.
5) If 'a' becomes NULL before 'b', insert all nodes of 'a' 
   into result list at the beginning. 

Below is the implementation of above solution.

Java




// Java program to merge two sorted
// linked list such that merged
// list is in reverse order
 
// Linked List Class
class LinkedList
{
    // Head of list
    Node head; 
    static Node a, b;
 
    // Node Class
    static class Node
    {
        int data;
        Node next;
 
        // Constructor to create
        // a new node
        Node(int d)
        {
            data = d;
            next = null;
        }
    }
 
    void printlist(Node node)
    {
        while (node != null)
        {
            System.out.print(node.data + " ");
            node = node.next;
        }
    }
 
    Node sortedmerge(Node node1,
                     Node node2)
    {       
        // If both the nodes are null
        if (node1 == null &&
            node2 == null)
        {
            return null;
        }
 
        // Resultant node
        Node res = null;
 
        // If both of them have nodes
        // present traverse them
        while (node1 != null &&
               node2 != null)
        {
 
            // Now compare both nodes
            // current data
            if (node1.data <= node2.data)
            {
                Node temp = node1.next;
                node1.next = res;
                res = node1;
                node1 = temp;
            }
            else
            {
                Node temp = node2.next;
                node2.next = res;
                res = node2;
                node2 = temp;
            }
        }
 
        // If second list reached end,
        // but first list has nodes.
        // Add remaining nodes of first
        // list at the front of result list
        while (node1 != null)
        {
            Node temp = node1.next;
            node1.next = res;
            res = node1;
            node1 = temp;
        }
 
        // If first list reached end,
        // but second list has node.
        // Add remaining nodes of first
        // list at the front of result list
        while (node2 != null)
        {
            Node temp = node2.next;
            node2.next = res;
            res = node2;
            node2 = temp;
        }
 
        return res;
    }
 
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        LinkedList list = new LinkedList();
        Node result = null;
 
        /* Let us create two sorted linked lists
           to test the above functions. Created
           lists shall be
           a: 5->10->15
           b: 2->3->20 */
        list.a = new Node(5);
        list.a.next = new Node(10);
        list.a.next.next = new Node(15);
 
        list.b = new Node(2);
        list.b.next = new Node(3);
        list.b.next.next = new Node(20);
 
        System.out.println("List a before merge :");
        list.printlist(a);
        System.out.println("");
        System.out.println("List b before merge :");
        list.printlist(b);
 
        // Merge two sorted linkedlist in
        // decreasing order
        result = list.sortedmerge(a, b);
        System.out.println("");
        System.out.println("Merged linked list : ");
        list.printlist(result);
    }
}
// This code is contributed by Mayank Jaiswal

Output: 

List A before merge: 
5 10 15 
List B before merge: 
2 3 20 
Merged Linked List is: 
20 15 10 5 3 2 

Time Complexity: O(N)

Auxiliary Space: O(1)

This solution traverses both lists only once, doesn’t require reverse and works in-place.
This article is contributed by Mohammed Raqeeb. Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above

Please refer complete article on Merge two sorted linked lists such that merged list is in reverse order for more details!


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!