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Java Program for Decimal to Binary Conversion

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 17 Oct, 2021

Given a decimal number as input, we need to write a program to convert the given decimal number into an equivalent binary number.

Examples: 

Input : 7
Output : 111
s
Input : 10
Output : 1010

Input: 33
Output: 100001

Binary to decimal conversion is done to convert a number given in the binary system to its equivalent in the decimal number system. A number system is a format to represent numbers in a certain way. 

Binary Number System – The binary number system is used in computers and electronic systems to represent data, and it consists of only two digits which are 0 and 1. 

Decimal Number System – The decimal number system is the most commonly used number system worldwide, which is easily understandable to people. It consists of digits from 0 to 9.

Approaches

There are numerous approaches to convert the given decimal number into an equivalent binary number in Java. A few of them are listed below.

  • Using Arrays
  • Using Bitwise Operators
  • Using Math.pow() Function (Without using arrays)

1. Using Arrays

Algorithm:  

  1. Store the remainder when the number is divided by 2 in an array.
  2. Divide the number by 2
  3. Repeat the above two steps until the number is greater than zero.
  4. Print the array in reverse order now.

The below diagram shows an example of converting the decimal number 17 to an equivalent binary number. 


Java




// Java program to convert a decimal
// number to binary number
import java.io.*;
  
class GFG 
{
    // function to convert decimal to binary
    static void decToBinary(int n)
    {
        // array to store binary number
        int[] binaryNum = new int[1000];
   
        // counter for binary array
        int i = 0;
        while (n > 0
        {
            // storing remainder in binary array
            binaryNum[i] = n % 2;
            n = n / 2;
            i++;
        }
   
        // printing binary array in reverse order
        for (int j = i - 1; j >= 0; j--)
            System.out.print(binaryNum[j]);
    }
      
    // driver program
    public static void main (String[] args) 
    {
        int n = 17;
          System.out.println("Decimal - " + n);
        System.out.print("Binary - ");
          decToBinary(n);
    }
}
  
// Contributed by Pramod Kumar

Output

Decimal - 17
Binary - 10001

2. Using  Bitwise Operators

We can use bitwise operators to do the above job. 

Note – Bitwise operators work faster than arithmetic operators used above.

Java




// Java program to Decimal to binary conversion
// using bitwise operator
// Size of an integer is assumed to be 32 bits
  
class gfg {
    // Function that convert Decimal to binary
    public void decToBinary(int n)
    {
        // Size of an integer is assumed to be 32 bits
        for (int i = 31; i >= 0; i--) {
            int k = n >> i;
            if ((k & 1) > 0)
                System.out.print("1");
            else
                System.out.print("0");
        }
    }
}
  
class geek {
    // driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        gfg g = new gfg();
        int n = 32;
          System.out.println("Decimal - " + n);
         System.out.print("Binary - ");
        g.decToBinary(n);
    }
}
// This code is contributed by mits

Output

Decimal - 32
Binary - 00000000000000000000000000100000

3. Using Math.pow() method (Without using Arrays)

Decimal to binary conversion can also be done without using arrays. 

Java




// Java implementation of the approach
import java.io.*;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Function to return the binary
    // equivalent of decimal value N
    static int decimalToBinary(int N)
    {
  
        // To store the binary number
        int B_Number = 0;
        int cnt = 0;
        while (N != 0) {
            int rem = N % 2;
            double c = Math.pow(10, cnt);
            B_Number += rem * c;
            N /= 2;
  
            // Count used to store exponent value
            cnt++;
        }
  
        return B_Number;
    }
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        int N = 17;
          System.out.println("Decimal - " + N);
          System.out.print("Binary - ");
        System.out.println(decimalToBinary(N));
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by ajit.

Output

Decimal - 17
Binary - 10001

Please refer complete article on Program for Decimal to Binary Conversion for more details!


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