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Java Program for Count pairs with given sum

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  • Last Updated : 30 Dec, 2021

Given an array of integers, and a number ‘sum’, find the number of pairs of integers in the array whose sum is equal to ‘sum’.

Examples:  

Input  :  arr[] = {1, 5, 7, -1}, 
          sum = 6
Output :  2
Pairs with sum 6 are (1, 5) and (7, -1)

Input  :  arr[] = {1, 5, 7, -1, 5}, 
          sum = 6
Output :  3
Pairs with sum 6 are (1, 5), (7, -1) &
                     (1, 5)         

Input  :  arr[] = {1, 1, 1, 1}, 
          sum = 2
Output :  6
There are 3! pairs with sum 2.

Input  :  arr[] = {10, 12, 10, 15, -1, 7, 6, 
                   5, 4, 2, 1, 1, 1}, 
          sum = 11
Output :  9

Expected time complexity O(n)
 

Naive Solution – A simple solution is to traverse each element and check if there’s another number in the array which can be added to it to give sum. 
 

Java




// Java implementation of simple method to find count of
// pairs with given sum.
public class find {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        int[] arr = { 1, 5, 7, -1, 5 };
        int sum = 6;
        getPairsCount(arr, sum);
    }
  
    // Prints number of pairs in arr[0..n-1] with sum equal
    // to 'sum'
    public static void getPairsCount(int[] arr, int sum)
    {
  
        int count = 0; // Initialize result
  
        // Consider all possible pairs and check their sums
        for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++)
            for (int j = i + 1; j < arr.length; j++)
                if ((arr[i] + arr[j]) == sum)
                    count++;
  
        System.out.printf("Count of pairs is %d", count);
    }
}
// This program is contributed by Jyotsna
Output
Count of pairs is 3

Time Complexity: O(n2
Auxiliary Space: O(1)
  

Efficient solution – 
A better solution is possible in O(n) time. Below is the Algorithm – 

  1. Create a map to store frequency of each number in the array. (Single traversal is required)
  2. In the next traversal, for every element check if it can be combined with any other element (other than itself!) to give the desired sum. Increment the counter accordingly.
  3. After completion of second traversal, we’d have twice the required value stored in counter because every pair is counted two times. Hence divide count by 2 and return.

Below is the implementation of above idea : 
 

Java




/* Java implementation of simple method to find count of
pairs with given sum*/
  
import java.util.HashMap;
  
class Test {
    static int arr[] = new int[] { 1, 5, 7, -1, 5 };
  
    // Returns number of pairs in arr[0..n-1] with sum equal
    // to 'sum'
    static int getPairsCount(int n, int sum)
    {
        HashMap<Integer, Integer> hm = new HashMap<>();
  
        // Store counts of all elements in map hm
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
  
            // initializing value to 0, if key not found
            if (!hm.containsKey(arr[i]))
                hm.put(arr[i], 0);
  
            hm.put(arr[i], hm.get(arr[i]) + 1);
        }
        int twice_count = 0;
  
        // iterate through each element and increment the
        // count (Notice that every pair is counted twice)
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            if (hm.get(sum - arr[i]) != null)
                twice_count += hm.get(sum - arr[i]);
  
            // if (arr[i], arr[i]) pair satisfies the
            // condition, then we need to ensure that the
            // count is decreased by one such that the
            // (arr[i], arr[i]) pair is not considered
            if (sum - arr[i] == arr[i])
                twice_count--;
        }
  
        // return the half of twice_count
        return twice_count / 2;
    }
  
    // Driver method to test the above function
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        int sum = 6;
        System.out.println(
            "Count of pairs is "
            + getPairsCount(arr.length, sum));
    }
}
// This code is contributed by Gaurav Miglani
Output
Count of pairs is 3

Please refer complete article on Count pairs with given sum for more details!


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