Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article

Iterating over Enum Values in Java

  • Last Updated : 05 Mar, 2021

Enum in Java is a data type that contains a fixed set of constants. A Java enum type is a special kind of Java class. An enum can contain constants, methods, etc.

Given below is a demonstration of how to declare an enum:  

Java




// Demonstrates the declaration of enum
public enum season {
    Spring,
    Summer,
    Monsoon,
    Autumn,
    Winter
}

 

Iterate over Enum Values: There are many ways to iterate over enum values:  



  1. Iterate Using forEach()
  2. Iterate Using for Loop
  3. Iterate Using java.util.stream 

Iterate Using forEach(): The forEach() method works on list or set. For using forEach() method, convert enum into list or set. 

Conversion of enum to set and applying forEach has been shown below: 

EnumSet.allOf(seasons.class)
            .forEach(season -> System.out.println(season));

Conversion of enum to list and applying forEach has been shown below: 

Arrays.asList(seasons.values()).
                forEach(season -> System.out.println(season));

The below program illustrate the iteration over enums using forEach(): 

Java




// Program that demonstrates iteration
// over enums using forEach()
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.EnumSet;
 
public class GFG {
    public enum seasons {
        Spring,
        Summer,
        Monsoon,
        Autumn,
        Winter
    }
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Convert enum to set and apply forEach()
        EnumSet.allOf(seasons.class)
            .forEach(season -> System.out.println(season));
 
        // Convert enum to set and apply forEach()
        Arrays.asList(seasons.values())
            .forEach(season -> System.out.println(season));
    }
}
Output
Spring
Summer
Monsoon
Autumn
Winter
Spring
Summer
Monsoon
Autumn
Winter

Iterate Using for Loop: The static values() method of java.lang. Enum class gives an array of enum values. After getting an array of enum values iteration over the array can be done using for loop.

Below program illustrate the iteration over enum using for loop: 

Java




// Program that demonstrates iteration
// over enums using for loop
public class GFG {
    // enum of seasons
    public enum seasons {
        Spring,
        Summer,
        Monsoon,
        Autumn,
        Winter
    }
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // iterate over enums using for loop
        for (seasons s : seasons.values()) {
            System.out.println(s);
        }
    }
}
Output
Spring
Summer
Monsoon
Autumn
Winter

Iterate Using java.util.stream: Iteration over enum can also be done using java.util.stream class. Create the stream of enum.values() using Stream.of() method by passing eum.values() at parameter to function. 

The below program illustrates the iteration over enum using java. util.stream: 

Java




// Program that demonstrates iteration
// over enums using java.util.stream
 
import java.util.stream.Stream;
 
public class GFG {
    public enum seasons {
        Spring,
        Summer,
        Monsoon,
        Autumn,
        Winter
    }
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // iteration over enum using java.util.stream
        Stream.of(seasons.values())
            .forEach(System.out::println);
    }
}
Output
Spring
Summer
Monsoon
Autumn
Winter

Reference: https://docs.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/java/javaOO/enum.html

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important Java Foundation and Collections concepts with the Fundamentals of Java and Java Collections Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready. To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :