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Iterate Over Characters of a String in TypeScript

Last Updated : 12 Feb, 2024
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Iterating over characters of a string involves going through them one by one using loops or specific methods. This is useful for tasks like changing or analyzing the content of a string efficiently.

Example:

Input: string = "Hello Geeks";
Output:
H
e
l
l
o
G
e
e
k
s

Below listed methods can be used to iterate over characters of a string in TypeScript.

Using for Loop

The for-loop syntax is straightforward. It iterates over each character in the string by accessing the characters using the string’s index.

Syntax:

for (statement 1 ; statement 2 ; statement 3){
//code here
};

Example: The below code implements the for loop to iterate over characters of a string.

Javascript




type CharIterator = (str: string) => void;
 
const iterateOverCharacters: CharIterator = (str) => {
    for (let i = 0; i < str.length; i++) {
        const char: string = str[i];
        console.log(char);
    }
};
 
const myString: string = "GeeksforGeeks";
iterateOverCharacters(myString);


Output:

G
e
e
k
s
f
o
r
G
e
e
k
s

Using for…of Loop

The for…of loop syntax allows direct iteration over each character in the string without needing to visit the index explicitly.

Syntax:

for ( variable of iterableObjectName) {
//code here
}

Example: The below code explains the use of for/of loop to iterate over string characters.

Javascript




type CharIterator = (str: string) => void;
 
const iterateOverCharacters: CharIterator = (str) => {
    for (const char of str) {
        console.log(char);
    }
};
 
const myString: string = "TypeScript";
iterateOverCharacters(myString);


Output:

T
y
p
e
S
c
r
i
p
t

Using split() Method

The split() method splits the string into array of characters, which can then be iterated over using a loop or array methods.

Syntax:

str.split('');

Example: The below code is practical implementation of the split() method to iterate over string characters.

Javascript




type CharIterator = (str: string) => void;
 
const iterateOverCharacters: CharIterator = (str) => {
    const chars: string[] = str.split('');
    for (const char of chars) {
        console.log(char);
    }
};
 
const myString: string = "JavaScript";
iterateOverCharacters(myString);


Output:

J
a
v
a
S
c
r
i
p
t

Using forEach Method with split()

The forEach method can be used to iterate over the array returned by str.split(”). This method iterates over each element of the array and applies the provided function to each element.

Syntax:

array.forEach(()=>{});

Javascript




type CharIterator = (str: string) => void;
 
const iterateOverCharacters: CharIterator = (str) => {
    str.split('').forEach(char => {
        console.log(char);
    });
};
 
const myString: string = "Geeks";
iterateOverCharacters(myString);


Output:

G
e
e
k
s

Using the spread operator

The spread operator (…str) converts the string str into an array of individual characters, allowing each character to be iterated over and processed using the forEach method.

Syntax:

...operatingValue;

Javascript




type CharIterator = (str: string) => void;
 
const iterateOverCharacters: CharIterator = (str) => {
    [...str].forEach((char: string) => {
        console.log(char);
    });
};
 
const myString: string = "GFG";
iterateOverCharacters(myString);


Output:

G
F
G


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