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Issues in Computer Design

Last Updated : 25 Mar, 2023
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Computer Design is the structure in which components relate to each other. The designer deals with a particular level of system at a time and there are different types of issues at different levels. At each level, the designer is concerned with the structure and function. The structure is the skeleton of the various components related to each other for communication. The function is the activities involved in the system. 

Following are the issues in computer design: 

  1. Assumption of infinite speed: 
    It can’t be assumed the infinite speed of the computer as it is not practical to assume the infinite speed. It creates problems in designers’ thinking as well.
  2. Assumption of infinite Memory: 
    Like the speed of the computer, memory also can’t be assumed infinite. Storage is always finite and this is an issue in computer design.
  3. Speed mismatch between memory and processor: 
    Sometimes it is possible that the speed of memory and processor does not match. It may be memory speed is faster or processor speed is faster. A mismatch between memory and processor leads to create problems in designing.
  4. Handling of bugs and errors: 
    Handling bugs and errors are huge responsibility of any computer designer. Bugs and errors lead to the failure of the computer system. Sometimes these errors may be more dangerous.
  5. Multiple processors: 
    Designing a computer system with multiple processors leads to the huge task of management and programming. It is a big issue in computer design.
  6. Multiple threads: 
    A computer system with multiple threads is always a threat to the designer. A computer with several threads should be able to multi-tasking and multi-processing.
  7. Shared memory: 
    If there are several processes to be executed at a time then all the processes share the same memory space. It should be managed in a specific way so that collision does not happen.
  8. Disk access: 
    Disk management is the key to computer design. There are several issues with disk access. It may be possible that the system does not support multiple disk access.
  9. Better performance: 
    It is always an issue. A designer always tries to simplify the system for better performance in reducing power and less cost.
  10. Performance: One of the biggest challenges in computer design is optimizing performance. Designers need to balance factors such as processing power, memory capacity, and input/output speed to create a system that is fast and efficient.
  11. Power consumption: As computing devices become more ubiquitous, power consumption has become a critical design consideration. Designers need to create systems that are energy-efficient to reduce the impact on the environment and improve battery life.
  12. Security: With the growing amount of sensitive data being stored and processed on computing devices, security is a major issue. Designers need to build in strong encryption and authentication measures to prevent unauthorized access and data breaches.
  13. Compatibility: As computing devices become more diverse, ensuring compatibility across platforms and devices is a key challenge. Designers need to create systems that can run seamlessly on a variety of operating systems and hardware configurations.
  14. User experience: The user experience is a critical consideration in computer design. Designers need to create intuitive interfaces and experiences that are easy to use and navigate.
  15. Reliability: Computing devices are expected to work reliably and consistently. Designers need to create systems that are resilient and can operate without failure for extended periods of time.

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