Inter Process Communication through shared memory is a concept where two or more process can access the common memory. And communication is done via this shared memory where changes made by one process can be viewed by anther process.
The problem with pipes, fifo and message queue – is that for two process to exchange information. The information has to go through the kernel.
- Server reads from the input file.
- The server writes this data in a message using either a pipe, fifo or message queue.
- The client reads the data from the IPC channel,again requiring the data to be copied from kernel’s IPC buffer to the client’s buffer.
- Finally the data is copied from the client’s buffer.
- Interprocess Communication: Methods
- Producer Consumer Problem using Semaphores | Set 1
- Designated Initializers in C
- IPC using Message Queues
- Operating System | Lock variable synchronization mechanism
- Operating System | Semaphores in operating system
- Inter Process Communication
- Peterson's Algorithm for Mutual Exclusion | Set 2 (CPU Cycles and Memory Fence)
- Peterson's Algorithm for Mutual Exclusion | Set 1 (Basic C implementation)
- Process Synchronization | Monitors
- Operating System | Process Management | Deadlock Introduction
- Operating System | Process Synchronization | Introduction
- Operating System | Process Management | Introduction
- Mutex vs Semaphore
- Operating System | Critical Section
A total of four copies of data are required (2 read and 2 write). So, shared memory provides a way by letting two or more processes share a memory segment. With Shared Memory the data is only copied twice – from input file into shared memory and from shared memory to the output file.
SYSTEM CALLS USED ARE:
ftok(): is use to generate a unique key.
shmget(): int shmget(key_t,size_tsize,intshmflg); upon successful completion, shmget() returns an identifier for the shared memory segment.
shmat(): Before you can use a shared memory segment, you have to attach yourself
to it using shmat(). void *shmat(int shmid ,void *shmaddr ,int shmflg);
shmid is shared memory id. shmaddr specifies specific address to use but we should set
it to zero and OS will automatically choose the address.
shmdt(): When you’re done with the shared memory segment, your program should
detach itself from it using shmdt(). int shmdt(void *shmaddr);
shmctl(): when you detach from shared memory,it is not destroyed. So, to destroy
shmctl() is used. shmctl(int shmid,IPC_RMID,NULL);
SHARED MEMORY FOR WRITER PROCESS
SHARED MEMORY FOR READER PROCESS
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