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io.PipeReader.Close() Function in Golang with Examples
  • Last Updated : 10 May, 2020

In Go language, io packages supply fundamental interfaces to the I/O primitives. And its principal job is to enclose the ongoing implementations of such king of primitives. The PipeReader.Close() function in Go language is used to close the reader. However, successive writes to the PipeWriter i.e, write half of the pipe will return the ErrClosedPipe error. Moreover, this function is defined under the io package. Here, you need to import the “io” package in order to use these functions.

Syntax:

func (r *PipeReader) Close() error

Here, “r” is a pointer to the PipeReader. Where PipeReader is the read half of a pipe.

Return value: It returns the content written before calling Close method. And successive writes to the PipeWriter i.e, write half of the pipe will return the ErrClosedPipe error.

Example 1:






// Golang program to illustrate the usage of
// io.pipeReader.Close() function
  
// Including main package
package main
  
// Importing fmt and io
import (
    "fmt"
    "io"
)
  
// Calling main
func main() {
  
    // Calling Pipe method
    pipeReader, pipeWriter := io.Pipe()
  
    // Calling Write method in go function
    go func() {
        pipeWriter.Write([]byte("GfG"))
        pipeWriter.Write([]byte("GeeksforGeeks"))
        pipeWriter.Write([]byte("GfG is a CS-Portal."))
    }()
  
    // Creating buffer using make keyword
    // of specified length
    buffer := make([]byte, 50)
  
    // Using for loop
    for i := 0; i < 2; i++ {
  
        // Reading the contents in buffer
        n, err := pipeReader.Read(buffer)
  
        // If error is not nil panic
        if err != nil {
            panic(err)
        }
  
        // Calling Close method
        pipeReader.Close()
  
        // Prints the content read in buffer
        fmt.Printf("%s\n", buffer[:n])
    }
}

Output:

GfG
panic: io: read/write on closed pipe

goroutine 1 [running]:
main.main()
    /tmp/sandbox180013044/prog.go:38 +0x302

Here, the content of only one Write operations is returned as its written before Close() method but the content written after the Close method is not returned and an ErrClosedPipe error is thrown instead.

Example 2:




// Golang program to illustrate the usage of
// io.pipeReader.Close() function
  
// Including main package
package main
  
// Importing fmt and io
import (
    "fmt"
    "io"
)
  
// Calling main
func main() {
  
    // Calling Pipe method
    pipeReader, pipeWriter := io.Pipe()
  
    // Calling Write method in go function
    go func() {
        pipeWriter.Write([]byte("GfG"))
        pipeWriter.Write([]byte("GeeksforGeeks"))
        pipeWriter.Write([]byte("GfG is a CS-Portal."))
    }()
  
    // Creating buffer using make keyword
    // of specified length
    buffer := make([]byte, 50)
  
    // Calling Close method
    pipeReader.Close()
  
    // Using for loop
    for i := 0; i < 2; i++ {
  
        // Reading the contents in buffer
        n, err := pipeReader.Read(buffer)
  
        // If error is not nil panic
        if err != nil {
            panic(err)
        }
  
        // Prints the content read in buffer
        fmt.Printf("%s\n", buffer[:n])
    }
}

Output:

panic: io: read/write on closed pipe

goroutine 1 [running]:
main.main()
    /tmp/sandbox881512815/prog.go:41 +0x2ea

Here, nothing is read into the buffer as Close() method is called before any read operation so no content is read and only error is thrown here.




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