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IntStream average() in Java with Examples
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 06 Dec, 2018

java.util.stream.IntStream in Java 8, deals with primitive ints. It helps to solve the old problems like finding maximum value in array, finding minimum value in array, sum of all elements in array, and average of all values in array in a new way. IntStream average() returns an OptionalDouble describing the arithmetic mean of elements of this stream, or an empty optional if this stream is empty.
Syntax :

OptionalDouble average()

Where, OptionalDouble is a container object 
which may or may not contain a double value.

Below given are some examples to understand the function in a better way.
Example 1 :




// Java code for IntStream average()
import java.util.*;
import java.util.stream.IntStream;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // creating a stream
        IntStream stream = IntStream.of(2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8);
  
        // OptionalDouble is a container object
        // which may or may not contain a
        // doouble value.
        OptionalDouble obj = stream.average();
  
        // If a value is present, isPresent() will
        // return true and getAsDouble() will
        // return the value
        if (obj.isPresent()) {
            System.out.println(obj.getAsDouble());
        }
        else {
            System.out.println("-1");
        }
    }
}

Output :

5.0

Example 2 :




// Implementation of IntStream average()
import java.util.*;
import java.util.stream.IntStream;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // creating a stream
        IntStream stream = IntStream.of(2, 3, 3, 4, 6, 8, 8);
  
        // OptionalDouble is a container object
        // which may or may not contain a
        // doouble value.
        OptionalDouble obj = stream.average();
  
        // If a value is present, isPresent() will
        // return true and getAsDouble() will
        // return the value
        if (obj.isPresent()) {
            System.out.println(obj.getAsDouble());
        }
        else {
            System.out.println("-1");
        }
    }
}

Output :

4.857142857142857

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