Introduction to basic Networking Terminology
For a specific purpose if things are connected together, are referred to as a NETWORK. A network can be of many types, like a telephone network, television network, computer network, or even a people network.
Similarly, a COMPUTER NETWORK is also a kind of setup, where it connects two or more devices to share a range of services and information in the form of e-mails and messages, databases, documents, websites, audios and videos, telephone calls, and video conferences, etc. among them.
A PROTOCOL is nothing but a set of defined rules, which has to be followed by every connected device across a network to communicate and share information among them. To facilitates End to End communication, a number of protocols worked together to form Protocol Suites or Stacks.
Some basic Protocols are:
- IP : Internet Protocol
- FTP : File Transfer Protocol
- SMTP : Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
- HTTP : Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
The Network reference models were developed to allow products from different manufacturers to interoperate on a network. A network reference model serves as a blueprint, detailing standards for how protocol communication should occur.
- LANs (Local Area Networks)
- MANs (Metropolitan Area Networks)
- WANs (Wide Area Networks)
An Internetwork is a general term describing multiple networks connected together. The Internet is the largest and most well-known internetwork.
- SAN (Storage Area Network): A SAN provides systems with high-speed, lossless access to high-capacity storage devices.
- VPN (Virtual Private Network): A VPN allows for information to be securely sent across a public or unsecured network, such as the Internet. Common uses of a VPN are to connect branch offices or remote users to the main office.
- A host can act as a Client when he is requesting information.
- A host can act as a Server when he provides information.
- A host can also request and provide information, which is called Peer.
Refer to Set 1: Basics of Computer Networking.